Организация геологического изучения Урала Департаментом горных и соляных дел во второй четверти XIX в.

Alexandr Alekseevich Bakshaev

Аннотация


В статье проанализирована деятельность Департамента горных и соляных дел, горных специалистов казенных заводов Урала в деле накопления сведений о составе недр региона. Впервые геологическое изучение края началось в XVIII в. и осуществлялось экспедициями Академии наук, местной горной администрацией в ходе поиска новых рудных месторождений. Во второй четверти XIX в. организатором геологических исследований выступил Департамент горных и соляных дел Министерства финансов. В казенных горных округах Урала были созданы ученые партии, в результате деятельности которых были составлены геологические описания и карты округов, найдены новые рудные месторождения. В это же время Департаментом горных и соляных дел была организована экспедиция для исследования отдаленных территорий Северного Урала, открывшая золотые и рудные месторождения, собравшая сведения о составе недр, природных условиях изучаемого района.

Ключевые слова


Геологическая партия; геологические исследования; геологическое описание; горный округ; Горный журнал; Департамент горных и соляных дел; участок округа; ученые партии.

Полный текст:

Без имени

Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/izv2.2016.1.012

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