«Новая историческая демография» в России: эволюция или скачок в развитии?

Vladimir Nikolaevich Vladimirov, Dmitry Evgenievich Sarafanov, Anna Sergeevna Shchetinina

Аннотация


В статье рассматриваются основные факторы, определяющие и характеризующие «новую историческую демографию», сформировавшуюся в России в 1990-е гг. Анализируются факторы и тенденции социальных и гуманитарных наук, повлиявшие на формирование «новой исторической демографии». Рассматриваются основные проблемные и дискуссионные вопросы об определении, статусе и методологии этого научного направления. Проанализированы изменения в источниковой базе, в методах и технологиях историко-демографических исследований, а также их влияние на изменение исследовательского поля. На основе историографического анализа российских исследований приводятся данные о сложившихся на сегодняшний день в России центрах изучения историко-демографических проблем, дается их сравнительная характеристика. Проводится сравнение европейского и российского опыта исследований в рамках указанного направления.

Делается вывод о том, что историческая демография стала своеобразным локомотивом, мощным ускорителем внедрения компьютерных технологий в исторические исследования. На общемировом уровне налицо качественный скачок историко-демографических работ: расширение проблематики исследований, методологического и методического арсенала. Отмечаются определенные успехи «новой исторической демографии» в России, при этом говорится о необходимости перехода от экстенсивного развития к интенсивному, подразумевающему интеграцию с современными европейскими программами и переход от локальных баз данных и исследований к общероссийским.

Ключевые слова


историческая демография; история; методология; метрические книги; базы данных.

Полный текст:

Без имени

Литература


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