Проект создания «Христианского музея» в Херсонесе во второй половине XIX в.

Andrey Vasilievich Shamanaev

Аннотация


В статье рассматривается история возникновения и эволюции проекта организации церковно-археологического музея на территории Херсонесского городища во второй половине XIX в. Автор использует историко-антропологический подход и анализирует архивные документы делопроизводственного характера и личного происхождения (архивы Санкт-Петербурга, Севастополя). На основании источников показаны основные этапы развития концепции музея, проекты здания, условия формирования коллекции, механизм финансового обеспечения, причины отказа от реализации планов. Идея создания «Христианского музея» зародилась в связи с проектом воссоздания православных культовых объектов в Крыму в середине XIX в. («Русский Афон»). Активное участие в разработке концепции музея принимали члены Одесского общества истории и древностей. Для древлехранилища планировалось построить специальное здание, стилизованное под христианский храм. Экспозиция должна была включать артефакты, иллюстрирующие историю церковной жизни Херсонеса-Херсона в Средние века. Коллекция будущего музея формировалась из находок, полученных в результате раскопок городища в 1860–1880-х гг. Финансирование проекта осуществлялось за счет добровольных пожертвований. Идея не была реализована, потеряв научную актуальность, не получив необходимого материального обеспечения после передачи раскопок памятника в ведение Императорской Археологической Комиссии в конце 1880-х гг.

Ключевые слова


история археологии; охрана культурного наследия; Крым; Херсонес.

Полный текст:

Без имени

Литература


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