Идеи в истории, философии и религии: исторические науки и активизация памяти в XX в.

Штефан Бергер

Аннотация


Цель статьи — обсудить роль общественных наук, в частности истории, в дискурсе памяти и государственной политике. Статья состоит из 6 глав: Первая мировая война, Вторая мировая война и Холокост, гражданские войны, деколонизация и класс, раса и гендер в условиях деиндустриализации, каждая из которых обсуждает конкретную мемориальную повестку и роль историков в ее формулировании. Используя метод кейс-стади, автор делает вывод о том, как страны с различной культурой и позицией в международных отношениях справляются с существующей исторической перспективой и изменяют их для своих политических целей. Автор также упоминает об изменении самой науки о памяти, заявляя, что с переходом от XX века к веку XXI политика памяти изменила фокус с изучения национальной истории на изучение отношений между государствами или даже на анализ транснациональных мемориальных явлений. В целом, заключает автор, роль историков в прошлом веке возросла, поскольку они стали одним из самых влиятельных социальных акторов, влияющих на коллективный дискурс памяти.

Для цитирования: Бергер Ш. Идеи в истории, философии и религии: исторические науки и активизация памяти в XX веке // Tempus et Memoria. 2020. Т. 1. № 1–2. С. 8–24.

Поступила в редакцию: 30.10.2020

Принята к печати: 02.12.2020


Ключевые слова


коллективная память; деиндустриализация; история; политика; коммеморация; философия; религия

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