Проект "Русская Ливония"

Alexander Il'ich Filiushkin

Аннотация


Проект «Русская Ливония» был попыткой создания провинции Российского царства на землях, завоеванных в Ливонии в 1558–1560 гг. Его можно рассматривать как пример модели интеграции в ХVI в. Россией иноземных территорий в состав своего государства. Российские власти пробовали разные варианты этой модели: систему договоров с ливонскими городами, пытались адаптировать модель, применявшуюся в Священной Римской империи. Они старались учредить в Ливонии вассальное королевство, по отношению к правителю которого Иван Грозный выступал бы как император. Было две попытки такой реформы: в 1564 и 1569–1578 гг. Но все они оказались неудачными. Интеграция Ливонии в систему русской государственности не состоялась, попытки русификации провалились. Ливония сохранила свой статус «срединной земли» между различными культурами.

Ключевые слова


Иван Грозный; Ливония; Ливонская война; герцог Магнус.

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Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2014.2.044

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ISSN 2311-911X (Print)
ISSN 2310-757X (Online)

 

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