Единоверие в конце 1820-х – 1850-е годы: механизмы государственного принуждения и противостояние староверов

Alexander Sergeevich Palkin

Аннотация


На обширном архивном материале, извлеченном из Российского государственного исторического архива и архивов Уральского региона, рассматриваются механизмы принуждения, использовавшиеся государством и официальной церковью при распространении единоверия среди староверов в 1820–1850-е гг. Преследования затронули все социальные слои старообрядчества и касались разных сторон их жизни. Репрессивная политика властей отличалась комплексным подходом. Наряду с обычным законодательством и делопроизводством существовала система тайных постановлений и тайного делопроизводства, что оборачивалось преследованием староверов внесудебным порядком.Политика зачастую носила прецедентный характер, многие дела рассматривались особо и часто решались на уровне министерств, Синода и императорской канцелярии. Подробно рассматриваются также основные способы, использовавшиеся старообрядцами для противостояния давлению властей и сохранению своего вероучения (побеги, временные переходы в единоверие и т. п.).

Ключевые слова


Единоверие; старообрядчество; Николай I; конфессиональная политика; Российская империя.

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Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2014.3.063

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ISSN 2311-911X (Print)
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