Orthodox Education in the Baltic provinces of Imperial Russia and independent Estonia from 1840s till 1941

Irina Paert, Toomas Schvak

Abstract


The article is dedicated to the educational activities of the Orthodox church in the Baltic provinces, focusing on the Estonian Orthodoxy. The network of elementary schools, the ecclesiastical seminary and the teaching of Orthodox religion in the secondary schools were the typical forms of Orthodox education before 1917. Despite the break-up of the Russian Empire and the nationalisation of education in Estonia, the Orthodox Church had continued its educational activities. In interwar Estonia this education had bifurcated: the Russian Orthodox had actively engaged with children and youth through the civil society organisations, while the Estonian Orthodox primarily focused on the education of the clergy.



Keywords


The Russian Orthodox Church, the Estonian Apostolic Orthodox church, education, religious instruction, Empire, clergy, schools, the Russian Student Christian Movement, emigration, Russification, secularisation.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2014.3.066

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