Orthodox Social Institutions and russian Civil Society at the Turn of the 20th Century

Marina Jurevna Nechaeva

Abstract


The article explores the peculiarities of creation and function of Russian Orthodox social institutions of the second half of the 19th – early 20th centuries in the relation to church reforms that were part of the modernization social life process. The author’s research focuses on whether it is possible to consider organizations created “from above” civil social institutions, and refers to the all-Russian, regional and local organizations. The author analyzes the correspondence and interaction of initiatives put forward by the authorities and the public during the establishment of the aforementioned organizations, as well as whether the regional peculiarities were taken into consideration during the process, as well as the public’s reaction to their activity. Using the historical-typological, structural-functional, and comparative approaches, the author concludes that church organizations should be regarded more as a means of learning the fundamentals of civil values and social initiative than as established social institutions as such.

Keywords


religious social institutions; history of the Orthodox Church; civil society; history of imperial Russia.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2014.3.065

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