State Policy in the Recruitment of Foreign Specialists IN Ural Factories (the 1st Half of the 19th Century)

Olga Konstantinovna Ermakova

Abstract


The article considers the policy of foreign technical specialists to Russia the referring to documents reflecting the activities of state metallurgical factories in the Urals in the 1st half of the 19th century. An important element of the administrative system in the industry was the management of foreign specialists’ activities. Not only did it include the regulation of their work as participants of the production process, but also a number of additional forms and methods of influence. The author draws upon studies of employment and higher payment conditions, means of recruitment, forms of social welfare and measures for maintenance of the high social status of foreigners and concludes that the provision of profitable conditions of service, welfare and comfort in everyday life was the key method of attracting foreigners. Apart from invitations and recruitment, mechanisms for keeping specialists at the factories proved significant in foreigner-related policy.

Keywords


Ural industry; foreign specialists; state factories; public policy; social welfare; technical staff.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2014.3.072

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