Sergey Kashtanov. Historiographer of the Russian and European Midd le Ages

Lyubov’ Viktorovna Stolyarova, Svetlana Jur'evna Koroleva

Abstract


The article is devoted to the scholarly work of an outstanding Russian historian, a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Sergey Mihailovich Kashtanov. Without exaggeration, he can be considered an actual classic of Soviet and Russian academic historical thought. The list of his professional interests alone is impressive as it is ranges from source study and archaeography to historiography and the history of state institutions; from diplomatics to historical demographics and geography. Sergey Kashtanov is a mediaevalist, whose research is focused on mediaeval Russia which he studies referring to the historical context of European countries between the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period. As a result, Kashtanov’s contribution to comparative mediaeval history is significant. Additionally, Kashtanov’s works on diplomatics are recognized worldwide as in them the scholar puts forward original methods of mediaeval acts analysis. Professionally, Sergey Kashtanov may be characterized both as a theoretician and practitioner, a researcher of feudal property; a scholar that proposed a number of new methods of analysis in paleography, filigree studies, and codicology; and, finally, as an observant and witty historiographer. Being a follower of A. A. Zimin and S. O. Schmidt, S. M. Kashtanov is a rare representative of Russia’s high academic tradition of humanities thought dating back to the prerevolutionary era. This unique atmosphere which is, sadly, becoming nonexistent, is permanently present in the life and work of the main character of the article.

Keywords


S. M. Kashtanov; comparative mediaeval studies; historiography; source studies; diplomatics; history of feudalism.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2014.3.073

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