Sergey Kashtanov. Historiographer of the Russian and European Middle Ages

Lyubov’ Viktorovna Stolyarova, Svetlana Jur'evna Koroleva

Аннотация


Статья посвящена научному творчеству выдающегося русского историка, члена-корреспондента РАН Сергея Михайловича Каштанова. Он без преувеличения может быть назван действующим классиком советской и российской научной исторической школы. Один перечень его профессиональных интересов впечатляет: от источниковедения и археографии до историографии и истории государственных учреждений; от дипломатики до исторической демографии и географии. Сергей Михайлович – медиевист, его изыскания посвящены средневековой Руси, которую он исследует, обращаясь к историческому контексту европейских стран Средневековья – раннего Нового времени. В связи с этим велики заслуги Каштанова в области компаративной медиевистики. Заслуженным признанием мирового исторического сообщества пользуются труды Каштанова-дипломатиста, автора оригинальной методики дипломатического анализа средневековых актов. В профессиональной деятельности Сергея Михайловича удивительным образом сочетаются теоретик и практик; исследователь феодального землевладения, и мунитетов, финансовой политики средневековой Руси и создатель концепции феодальной собственности; ученый, предложивший ряд новых методик в области палеографии, филиграноведения, кодикологии, и остроумный наблюдательный историограф.
Ученик А. А. Зимина и С. О. Шмидта, С. М. Каштанов является одним из немногих носителей высокой академической традиции русской гуманитаристики, восходящей к дореволюционной эпохе. Эта уникальная и, к сожалению, уходящая среда явственно проступает через жизнь и творчество главного героя статьи.

Ключевые слова


С. М. Каштанов, компаративная медиевистика, историография, источниковедение, дипломатика, история феодализма.

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Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2014.3.073

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