Aleksandr Konstantinovich Matveev. An Onomatologist and Researcher of Ancient Language Contacts

Tamara Matveeva, Valentin Lukianin

Abstract


The article considers the personality and research activity of Aleksandr Konstantinovich Matveev (1926–2010), an outstanding Russian linguist, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and professor of Ural State University (presently, Ural Federal University). Specializing in the study of proper names (onomatology), Professor Matveev argued that the class of geographical names was crucial for the reconstruction of ethno-historical data on the former distribution of tribes and peoples in the vast territories of present-day Russia.

Among his achievements is the development of principles and methods of onomastic research based on field material collected by means of frontal survey. With the view of collecting linguistic material, A. K. Matveev established the Toponymic Expedition of Ural University that explored a number of northern regions of European Russia as well as the Northern and Middle Urals. During a 50-year period, the expedition collected millions on onomastic and lexical units. The unique card files stored at the department established by him at Ural Federal University are used as a basis for theses and other research as well as dictionaries, and they are used to correct cartographic data.

The central issue of the scholar's research was that of substrate in Russian toponymy. Together with his acolytes and colleagues, he searched for Finno-Ugric (Chud) and Merya language heritage in the Russian North, and Mansi loan words in the Northern Urals. The research material was analyzed with the help of a complex of methods (i. e. interlingual phonetic and other comparisons, the linguo-geographic method of cartographing and comparisons with data provided by related disciplines). Professor Matveev’s findings and the find ings of the Ural Toponymic Research School appear in onomastic and lexical dictionaries. The final conclusions of their toponymic research go far beyond linguistics and have a historico-ethnic character.

Professor Matveev is an eminent figure who evokes the memories of world-famous linguists-travellers of the past. He combines the audacity of a discoverer, the rigor of a scholar—including excellent organizing skills—the spirit of a zealous protector of his homeland’s spiritual culture and the talent of a teacher. People were drawn to him by his vast erudition and versatile interests, and his humaneness combined with devotion to his research interests. A. K. Matveev’s Research School and the Toponymic Expedition continue their intensive work until the present day.


Keywords


A. K. Matveev; etymology; onomastics; toponymy; substrate; language contacts; Russian North; Urals; Ural Toponymic Research School

References


Anikin, A. E. (2001). Ot chudi do meri [From Chud’ to Merya]. In Voprosy′ yazy′ koznaniya, 6, pp. 3–13.

Berezovich, E. L. (2014). Russkaya leksika na obshheslavyanskom fone: semantiko-motivacionnaya rekonstrukciya [Russian Lexis against the General Slavic Background: A Semantic-Motivational Reconstruction]. 487 p. Moscow, Russkij fond sodejstviya obrazovaniyu i nauke.

Berezovich, E. L. (1999). Russkaya toponimiya v e’tnolingvisticheskom aspekte [Russian Toponymy in the Ethnolinguistic Aspect]. (A Doctoral Thesis in Philology). 461 p. Yekaterinburg.

Berezovich, E. L. (1992). Semanticheskie mikrosistemy′ v russkoj toponimii [Semantic Microsystems in Russian Toponymy]. (A PhD Thesis in Philology). 268 p. Yekaterinburg.

Dmitrieva, T. N. (1981). Leksicheskie zaimstvovaniya v russkih govorah Nizhnego Priirty′sh′ya [Lexical Loans in the Russian Subdialects of the Low Irtysh Basin]. (A PhD Thesis in Philology). 262 p. Sverdlovsk.

Dmitrieva, T. N. (2005). Toponimiya bassejna reki Kazy′m [The Toponymy of the Kazym River Basin]. 580 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel’stvo Ural’skogo universiteta.

Fomin, A. A. (2012). Kvadratura kruga sem′i Kareniny′h: ob associativnom potenciale dvuh familij geroini romana L. N. Tolstogo [Squaring the Circle of the Karenin Family: On the Associative Potential of the Two Surnames of the Heroine of the Novel]. In Voprosy′ onomastiki, 2 (13), pp. 63–82.

Fomin, A. A. (1986). Semanticheskaya tipologiya ozerny′h gidronimov Zaural′ya [Semantic Typology of the Lake Hydronyms of the Trans-Urals]. (A PhD Thesis in Philology). 208 p. Sverdlovsk.

Glinskih, G. V. (1972). Russkaya toponimiya mansijskogo proishozhdeniya v bassejne reki Tavdy′ [Russian Toponymy of Mansi Origin in the Tavda River Basin]. (A PhD Thesis in Philology). Sverdlovsk.

Golomidova, M. V. (1998). Iskusstvennaya nominaciya v russkoj onomastike [Artificial Nomination in Russian Onomastics]. (A Doctoral Thesis in Philology). 375 p. Yekaterinburg.

Golomidova, M. V. (1987). Iskusstvennaya nominaciya v toponimii [Artificial Nomination in Toponymy]. (A PhD Thesis in Philology). 216 p. Sverdlovsk.

Gorbunov, Yu. A. (2015). Svoj chelovek v «Sledopy′te» [A Cater Cousin in Sledopyt]. In Ne prosto prozhitaya zhizn′: Biografiya A. K. Matveeva v dokumentah i vospominaniyah (p. 140). Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Ivanova, E. E′. (2014). Po Chusovoj: Toponimicheskij slovar′ [Down the Chusovaya River: A Dictionary of Toponymy]. (Trudy′ Toponimicheskoj e′kspedicii). 160 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Levshina, K. M. (2001). Memuary′ [Memoirs]. In Ural, 11, pp. 104–163; 12, pp. 142–194.

Kabinina, N. V. (2015). «No dazhe ploho kogda, to vse ravno horosho…» [“But even if one feels down, it’s still good”…]. In Ne prosto prozhitaya zhizn′: Biografiya A. K. Matveeva v dokumentah i vospominaniyah (pp. 190–192). Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Kabinina, N. V. (2011). Substratnaya toponimiya Arhangel′skogo Pomor′ya [Substrate Toponymy of Archangelsk Pomorye]. (Trudy′Toponimicheskoj e′kspedicii). 316 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Makarova, A. A. (2009). K leksikograficheskomu opisaniyu ozernoj gidronimii Belozer′ ya: slovar′ i e′lektronnaya baza danny′h [On the Lexicographic Description of Lake Hydronymy of Belozerye: A Dictionary and a Digital Database]. In E′tnolingvistika. Onomastika. E′timologiya: Materialy′ mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii. Ekaterinburg, 8–12 sentyabrya 2009 g. (pp. 166–168). Yekaterinburg.

Matveev, A. K. (1987). Arhaicheskaya russkaya toponimiya na severo-vostoke Evropejskoj chasti Rossii [Archaic Russian Toponymy in the Northeast of European Russia]. In Voprosy′ yazy′koznaniya, 21, pp. 66–76.

Matveev, A. K. (1959). Finno-ugorskie zaimstvovaniya v russkih govorah Severnogo Urala [Finno-Ugric Loan Words in the Russian Subdialects of the Northern Urals]. In Ucheny′e zapiski Ural′skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta: Yazy′koznanie (Iss. 32, pp. 3–123). Sverdlovsk.

Matveev, A. K. (2000). Geograficheskie nazvaniya Sverdlovskoj oblasti: Toponimicheskij slovar′ [Place Names of Sverdlovsk Region: A Dictionary of Toponyms]. 359 p. Yekaterinburg, Ural′skoe literaturnoe agentstvo.

Matveev, A. K. (1997). Geograficheskie nazvaniya Tyumenskogo Severa [Place Names of the Tyumen’ North]. 191 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Matveev, A. K. (1980). Geograficheskie nazvaniya Urala [Place Names of the Urals]. 318 p. Sverdlovsk, Sredne-Ural'skoe knizhnoe izd-vo.

Matveev, A. K. (1997). K probleme rasseleniya letopisnoj meri [On the Issue of Chronicle Merya Settlement]. In Izvestiya Ural′skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Gumanitarny′ e nauki (Iss. 1/7, pp. 5–17). Yekaterinburg.

Matveev, A. K. (2011). Materialy′ po mansijskoj toponimii gornoj chasti Severnogo Urala [Materials on the Mansi Toponymy of the Mountainous Part of the Northern Urals]. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Matveev, A. K. (1998). Meryanskaya toponimiya na Russkom Severe — fantom ili fenomen? [Merya Toponymy in the Russian North – A Phantom or a Phenomenon?]. In Voprosy′ yazy′koznaniya, 5, pp. 90–105.

Matveev, A. K. (1986). Metody′ toponimicheskih issledovanij: uchebnoe posobie [Methods of Toponymic Research: A Manual]. 101 p. Sverdlovsk, Tipolaboratoriya UrGU.

Matveev, A. K. (1976). Nyorojki karaulyat Ural: Puteshestvie v toponimiyu [Nyoroikas Watch the Urals: A Travel into Toponymy]. 215 p. Sverdlovsk, Sredne-Ural′skoe knizhnoe izdatel′stvo.

Matveev, A. K. (1987). O drevnem substrate v toponimii Ural′skogo Severa [On the Old Substrate in the Toponymy of the Ural North]. In Formirovanie i razvitie toponimii: Sbornik nauchny’h trudov (pp. 22–28). Sverdlovsk & Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Matveev, A. K. (2006). Onomatologiya [Onomatology]. 291 p. Moscow, Nauka.

Matveev, A. K. (1984). Ot Paj-Hoya do Mugodzhar: Nazvaniya ural′skih hrebtov i gor [From the Pay-Khoy Ridge to Mugodzhar Hills: Ural Mountain Chains Names]. 272 p. Sverdlovsk, Sredne-Ural′skoe knizhnoe izdatel′stvo.

Matveev, A. K. (1964). Poslednyaya iz kalmazhej [The Last of the Kamasins]. In Ural′skij sledopy′t, 1, pp. 154–157.

Matveev, A. K. (1970). Russkaya toponimika finno-ugorskogo proishozhdenij na territorii severa Evropejskoj chasti SSSR [Russian Toponymy of Finno-Ugric Origin on the Territory of the European Part of the USSR]. (A Doctoral Thesis in Philology). Vol. 1, pp. 1–241; Vol. 2, pp. 242–581. AN SSSR, Institut russkogo yazy′ka AN SSSR.

Matveev, A. K. (1979). Sem′ nazvanij na karte Urala [Seven Names on the Map of the Urals].127 p. Sverdlovsk.

Matveev, A. K. (2001). Substratnaya toponimiya Russkogo Severa [Substrate Toponymy of the Russian North]. Part 1. 346 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Matveev, A. K. (2004). Substratnaya toponimiya Russkogo Severa [Substrate Toponymy of the Russian North]. Part 2. 369 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Matveev, A. K. (2007). Substratnaya toponimiya Russkogo Severa [Substrate Toponymy of the Russian North]. Part 3. 297 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Matveev, A. K. (2015). Substratnaya toponimiya Russkogo Severa [Substrate Toponymy of the Russian North]. Part 4. 313 p. Toponimiya meryanskogo tipa. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Matveev, A. K. (1996). Substratnaya toponimiya Russkogo Severa i meryanskaya problema [Substrate Toponymy of the Russian North and the Merya Issue]. In Voprosy′ yazy′koznaniya, 1, pp. 3–23.

Matveev, A. K. (1992). Vverh po reke zabveniya: Rasskazy′ o geograficheskih nazvaniyah [Up the River of Oblivion: Stories of Place Names]. Sverdlovsk, Sredne-Ural′skoe knizhnoe izdatel′stvo.

Matveev, A. K. (Ed.). (1962). Voprosy′ toponomastiki: Doklady′ kruzhka sravnitel′noistoricheskogo yazy′koznaniya [Problems of Toponomastics: Reports of the Circle of Comparative Linguistics]. 49 p. Sverdlovsk, Tipolaboratoriya UrGU.

Matveev Aleksandr Konstantinovich: Bibliograficheskij ukazatel′ [Matveev Aleksandr Konstantinovich: A Bibliographic Index]. (1996). 60 p. Yekaterinburg.

Mishhenko, O. V. (2011). E′lektronnaya baza danny′h «Toponimiya Kostromskoj oblasti»: obrabotka i sistematizaciya polevogo materiala [Electronic Database “Toponymy of Kostroma Region”: Material Processing and Systematization]. In Voprosy′ onomastiki, 2 (11), pp. 89–104.

Matveeva, T. V. (Comp.) (2015). Ne prosto prozhitaya zhizn′: Biografiya A. K. Matveeva v dokumentah i vospominaniyah [A Life That Was not Easy: A. K. Matveev’s Biography in Documents]. 640 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Nikolaeva, E. S. (2000). E′lektronnaya kartoteka toponimii Russkogo Severa: problemy′ i perspektivy′ [An Electronic File Index of the Toponymy of the Russian North: Issues and Prospects]. In Finno-ugorskoe nasledie v russkom yazy′ke (Iss. 1, pp. 143–154). Yekaterinburg.

Rut, M. E′. (1992). Obraznaya nominaciya v russkom yazy′ke [Image Nomination in the Russian Language]. 147 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Rut, M. E′. (1975). Russkaya narodnaya astronimiya i ee svyazi s astronimiej drugih narodov SSSR [Russian Folk Astronymy and Its Connections with the Astronymy of Other USSR Peoples]. (A PhD Thesis in Philology). 168 p. Sverdlovsk.

Rut, M. E′. (Ed.). (2012). Yazy′k i proshloe naroda : Sbornik nauchny’h statej pamyati prof. A. K. Matveeva [Language and the Nation’s Past: A Collection of Scholarly Articles in Memoriam of A. K. Matveev]. 513 p. Yekaterinburg.

Rut, M. E′. & Berezovich, E. L. (2015). Vo glave nauchnoj shkoly′ [At the Head of a School of Thought]. In Ne prosto prozhitaya zhizn′: Biografiya A. K. Matveeva v dokumentah i vospominaniyah (pp. 71–78). Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

«Sleduj svoim putem…»: Interv′yu k 80-letiyu professora A. K. Matveeva [Go Your Own Way: An Interview for Professor A. K. Matveev’s 80th Birthday]. (2006). In Izvestiya Ural′skogo universiteta, 41. Ser. «Gumanitarny′e nauki» (Iss. 11, pp. 320–321).

Slinkina, T. D. (2011). Mansijskie oronimy′ Urala [Mansi Oronyms of the Urals]. 480 p. Khanty-Mansiysk, Novosti Yugry′.

Smirnov, O. V. (2015). Ot sostavitelya [From the Compiler]. In Matveev, A. K. Substratnaya toponimiya Russkogo Severa (Part 4, pp. 6–18). Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Smirnov, O. V. (1997). Russkaya toponimiya severnoj chasti Gornozavodskogo Urala [Russian Toponymy of the Northern Part of the Mining Urals]. (A PhD Thesis in Philology).Sverdlovsk.

Slovar’ govorov Russkogo Severa [A Dictionary of the Subdialects of the Russian North]. (2001–2011). Vols. 1–5. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Slovar′ russkih govorov Srednego Urala [A Dictionary of the Russian Subdialects of the Middle Urals]. (1964–1988). Vols. 1–7. Sverdlovsk, Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Uralskogo universiteta.

Slovar′ russkih govorov Srednego Urala. Dopolneniya [A Dictionary of the Russian Subdialects of the Middle Urals. Supplement]. (1996). 580 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Vbrod cherez reku vremeni: 59 let Toponimicheskoj e′kspedicii Ural′skogo universiteta [Wading across the River of Time: 59 Years of the Toponymic Expedition of Ural University]. (2011). 236 p. Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.

Vostrikov, O. V. (2015). Duhovny′j nastavnik [A Spiritual Advisor]. In Ne prosto prozhitaya zhizn′: Biografiya A. K. Matveeva v dokumentah i vospominaniyah (pp. 172–175). Yekaterinburg, Izdatel’stvo Ural’skogo universiteta.

Vostrikov, O. V. (2015). Meryanskaya liniya A. K. Matveeva [The Merya Line of A. K. Matveev]. In Matveev, A. K. Substratnaya toponimiya Russkogo Severa (Part 4, pp. 19–22). Yekaterinburg, Izdatel'stvo Ural'skogo universiteta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2015.3.121

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 2311-911X (Print)
ISSN 2310-757X (Online)

 

BASE Search eLibrary WorldCat