Политика освоения крайнего севера и критика жизненных условий арктических городов в нарративах хрущевского времени

Ekaterina Kalemeneva

Аннотация


Рассматривается влияние политики освоения Крайнего Севера в послесталинский период на появление критики условий жизни в арктических городах. Анализ материалов периодической печати Воркуты, Норильска и Мирного показывает, как официальная риторика, провозгласившая целью улучшение благосостояния населения, изменение социального состава северных городов, способствовала появлению рефлексии на городские проблемы как в бывших лагерных поселениях, так и в новых индустриальных городах. Закрытие системы ГУЛАГ, усиленное освоение полезных ископаемых на Крайнем Севере СССР стимулировали широкие и слабо контролируемые миграционные потоки в регион со второй половины 1950-х гг. С этого времени в официальных нарративах города Крайнего Севера стали символами покорения суровой природы и использовались в качестве доказательства однородности жизненного пространства, возможности создать советскую повседневность в любых природных условиях. Динамика массового притока и оттока рабочих из центральных регионов способствовала открытости информации и возникновению резкой критики существующих условий жизни в этих городах.


Ключевые слова


Крайний Север; арктические города; хрущевская оттепель; миграции; условия жизни.

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Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2017.1.217

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