The Functioning of the Voivoda Administration of Nezhin between the Mid-17th and Early 18th Centuries

Alexander Almazov

Abstract


The author examines the functions of Russian voivodas in the town of Nezhin between the mid-17th and early 18th centuries and the role the voivoda administration played in the integration of Ukrainian lands into Russia. The author introduces previously unstudied sources, such as Nezhin voivodas’ correspondence with the Little Russia Prikaz and economic documents drawn up in the local office. He demonstrates that, in terms of the Ukrainian population, Nezhin voivodas had neither administrative nor legal power: their functions were limited to the taxation of Nezhin burghers and peasants (between 1666 and 1668). In legal cases where one of the parties was represented by Cossacks or townspeople and the other by military men of the garrison, voivodas judged them together with Nezhin regimental officers and communal authorities. The author states that only in certain cases could voivodas arrest Ukrainian Cossacks, burghers, and peasants accused of treason against the tsar. The author focuses on voivodas’ functions in the administration of the military garrison: they led the defence of the castle during sieges, prevented service people from escaping the town, and maintained the town fortifications in peace and wartime. Together with their military duties, voivodas managed the local office, dealt with the return of runaway serfs to their owners, and reported sensitive information that concerned the state of affairs in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Right-bank Ukraine to Moscow. Moreover, the voivodas also had to handle a number of economic issues, like purchasing grain for the garrison, supporting its activity, and controlling the distribution of income received by the tavern.


Keywords


Nezhin; Nezhin voivodas; Left-bank Ukraine; Russo-Ukrainian relations; the Zaporozhian Host; voivoda rule

References


Almazov, A. (2016a). Osada “verkhnego zemlyanogo goroda” Nezhina vo vremya Ukrainskogo vosstaniya 1668 g. [The Siege of “the Upper Earthen City” of Nezhin during the Ukrainian Uprising of 1668]. In Historians [web-portal]. 28 April. URL: http://historians.in.ua/index.php/en/doslidzhennya/1883-aleksandr-almazov-osada-verkhnegozemlyanogo-goroda-nezhina-vo-vremya-ukrainskogo-vosstaniya-1668-g (mode of access: 11.09.2017).

Almazov, A. S. (2012) Politicheskii portret ukrainskogo getmana Ivana Samoilovicha v kontekste russko-ukrainskikh otnoshenii (1672‒1687 gg.) [A Political Portrait of Ukrainian Hetman Ivan Samoilovich in the Context of Russian-Ukrainian Relations (1672‒1687)]. Moscow, S. n. 288 p.

Almazov, A. S. (2016b). Rossiiskie voevody v Getmanshchine vo 2-i polovine XVII v.: stepen’ izuchennosti temy i nereshennye problemy [Russian Voivodas in the Hetmanate in the 2nd Half of the 17th Century: The Coverage of the Topic and Unresolved Issues]. In Istoricheskii vestnik. Vol. 16 (163). Мoscow, Runivers, pp. 24–47.

AYuZR [Acts Relating to the History of Southern and Western Russia, Collected and Published by the Archaeographic Commission. 15 Vols.]. (1869‒1877). Vol. 6. St Petersburg, Tipografiya E. Pratsa. IV + 280 p. Vol. 7. St Petersburg, Tipografiya V. V. Pratts. VI + 398 p. Vol. 9. St Petersburg, Tipografiya M. Ettingera. [3] p. + 988 stb. + 24 p.

Babulin, I. B. (2015a). Bor’ba za Ukrainu i bitva pod Konotopom (1658‒1659 gg.) [The Struggle for Ukraine and the Battle of Konotop (1658‒1659)]. Moscow, Fond “Russkie vityazi”. 400 p.

Babulin, I. B. (2015b). Kanevskaya bitva 16 iyulya 1662 g. [The Battle of Kanev, 16 July 1662]. Moscow, Fond “Russkie vityazi”. 88 p.

Baranova, O. V. (2005). Dogovory Voiska Zaporozhskogo s Rossiei i praktika vzaimootnoshenii storon vo vtoroi polovine 50-kh – 70-e gody XVII veka [Treaties of the Zaporozhian Host with Russia and the Practice of Relations between the Sides in the 2nd Half of the 1650s – 1670s]. In Belorussia i Ukraina: istoriya i kul’tura. Ezhegodnik 2004. Moscow, Nauka, pp. 40–66.

Borisenko, V. I. (1986). Sotsіal’no-ekonomіchnii rozvitok Lіvoberezhnoї Ukraїni v drugіi polovinі XVII st. [The Socio-Economic Development of Left-Bank Ukraine in the 2nd Half of the 17th Century]. Kiїv, Naukova dumka. 264 p.

Domanova, G. (2006). Stosunki Chernіgіvs’kogo magіstratu z predstavnikami rosiis’kogo urayadu (druga polovina XVІІ – XVІІІ st.) [Relations between Chernihiv Magistrate and Representatives of the Russian Government (2nd Half of the 17th – 18th Centuries)]. In Visnik Chernigivs’kogo derzhavnogo universitetu im. T. G. Shevchenka. Iss. 33. Seriya Istorichni nauki. No. 3, pp. 15–21.

Eingorn, V. (1891). Kievskii voevoda P. V. Sheremet’ev i nezhinskii magistrat (1666–1669 gg.) [Kievan Voivoda P. V. Sheremetev and Nezhin Magistrate (1666–1669)]. In Kievskaya starina. No. 11, pp. 246–258.

Galushko, O. E. (1998). Rosіis’kі voevody v Chernіgovі u drugіi polovinі XVII – na pochatku XVIII st. [Russian Voivodas in Chernigov in the 2nd Half of the 17th – Early 18th Centuries]. In Zbіrnik naukovikh prats’ na poshanu K. M. Yachmenіkhіna. Chernigiv, Siveryans’ka dumka, pp. 79–83.

Kamentseva, E. I., Ustyugov, N. V. (1975). Russkaya metrologiya [Russian Metrology]. Moscow, Vysshaya shkola. 328 p.

Lazarev, Ya. A. (2016). Soyuzniki i/ili vragi? Gorodskie korporatsii “Maloi Rossii” i protsess integratsii regiona v sostav Rossiiskogo gosudarstva (1654–1669 gg.) [Allies and/or Enemies? City Corporations of “Little Russia” and the Process of Integration of the Region into the Russian State (1654–1669)]. In Vestnik Vyatskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. No. 12, pp. 64–75.

Perepiska nezhinskogo voevody I. I. Rzhevskogo s moskovskim pravitel’stvom. 1665–1667 gg. [The Correspondence of Nezhin Voivoda I. I. Rzhevsky with the Moscow Government. 1665‒1667]. (1901). In Zemskii sbornik Chernigovskoi gubernii. Prilozheniya. No. 5, pp. 1–62.

Pirog, P. V. (2003). K voprosu o russkikh voevodakh na Ukraine vo vtoroi polovine XVII veka [On the Issue of Russian Voivodas in Ukraine during the 2nd Half of the 17th Century]. In Otechestvennaya istoriya. No. 2, pp. 162–169.

PSZRI [The Complete Collection of Laws of the Russian Empire. First Collection]. Vol. 1. 1029 + 12 p.

RGADA [The Russian State Archive of Ancient Acts]. Stock 124, 137, 210, 229, 371.

Romanovskii, V. A. (1963). Osnovnye problemy istorii feodalizma na Levoberezhnoi Ukraine v XVII‒XVIII vv. [The Main Problems of the History of Feudalism in Left-Bank Ukraine in the 17th‒18th Centuries]. In Ezhegodnik po agrarnoi istorii Vostochnoi Evropy. 1961 g. Riga, Izdatel’stvo Akademii nauk Latviiskoi SSR, pp. 184–194.

Romanovskii, V. A. (1967). Perepis’ naseleniya Levoberezhnoi Ukrainy 1666 goda, ee organizatsiya i kriticheskaya otsenka [Census of Left-Bank Ukraine of 1666, Its Organisation and Critical Evaluation]. Stavropol’, S. n. 125 p.

Shevchenko, F. P. (2014). Russkie voevody na Ukraine. Ocherki vzaimootnoshenii Ukrainy i Moskovskogo gosudarstva vo vtoroi polovine XVII stoletiya (1940) [Russian Voivodas in Ukraine. Essays on the Relations between Ukraine and Muscovy in the Second Half of the 17th Century (1940)]. In Іstorichnі studії: Zbіrka vibranikh prats’ і materіalіv (Do 100-rіchchya vіd dnya narodzhennya). Kiїv, Institut istoriї Ukraїni NAN Ukraїni, pp. 41–318.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15826/qr.2018.2.301

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 2311-911X (Print)
ISSN 2313-6871 (Online)

 

BASE Search eLibrary WorldCat