THE SATURATION RATE OF THE FACADES WITH ORNAMENTED ELEMENTS AS A TOOL OF HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURAL ANALYSIS

O.N. Priemets, K.I. Samoilov, A.K. Zhubanova

Аннотация


Ornamentation of the various elements of the facades is sufficiently a widespread method of the architectural composition. For historical and architectural analysis it would be expedient to have such tool as a quantitavely formalized measure of saturation of the facades with ornamented elements. To create this tool, it is necessary to distinguish several groups of architectural elements in the compositional decision of which ornaments were applied. These elements can be: ornamented cornices and sashes, columns and pilasters, platbands and framing, decorative panels and inserts. As an example, we use the process of development of the architecture of Almaty in the late XIX – early XXI centuries. There is a presence of pronounced regional specific in the architecture of Kazakhstan of the XX century and it can be used as a basis for formalization. This formalization is built up on the development of ornament which has a number of prominent features in the architecture of Almaty in the end of XX and the beginning of XXI century. One of them is a strongly marked waviness in quantitative saturation with patterned elements of those or other parts of the buildings and structures. Testing this tool application for analyze of the other countries architecture development during more than one century will yield interesting results.

Полный текст:

Без имени

Литература


Samoilov K.I. Architektura Kazakhstana XX veka (Razvitie architekturno-chudogestvennich form) [Architecture of Kazakhstan of the XX century (The development of the architectural and artistic forms). Moskva-Almati: “M-Ari design”. 2004. 940p. (in Russ.).

Priemets O.N. Razvitie architekturnogo ornamenta v zodchestve Kazakhstana XX – nachala XXI veka (na primere g. Almati). [The development of the architectural ornament of Kazakhstan in XX - early XXI centuries (for example of city Almati)]. Avtoreferat dissertacii kandidata architekturi [specialnost 05.23.20 Teoria I istoria architekturi, rekonstrukcija I restavracija istoriko-architecturnogo nasledija. Bishkek, 2015. -21p. (in Russ). BBK: Н0(2К)92Алматы,0; Щ124.3(2К)7-692Алма-Ата,0; Щ124.3(2К)64-692Алма-Ата,0. Mesto chranenia: FB 2Р 33/209. http://catalog.bitrix.nlb.by/Record/BY-NLB-br0001196150. http://arch.kyrlibnet.kg/uploads/KGUSTA.PRIEMETS%20OKSANA%20NIKOLAEVNA.2015.pdf

Asthetic der Leere: moderne Architektur in Zentralazien (Эстетика пустоты. Современная архитектура в Центральной Азии). / Hrsg.: Philipp Meuzer. – Berlin: Braun, 2002. 151p.

Malaev, Alibek Kaggali uli. Organon ornamenta (Ornament Organon). Almati : [b. i.], 2003. 438p. (in Russ). ISBN 9965-00-683-0. BBK: Ю812.252.2,0. FB 2P 16/32. http://otuken.kz/tags/%d0%be%d1%80%d0%bd%d0%b0%d0%bc%d0%b5%d0%bd%d1%82/. (in Russ).

Malchik A.Ju. Rol ornamenta v formirovanii architecture Kirgizstana (Genezis, evolucia, nacionalnie tradicii). [The Role of Ornament in forming architecture of Kyrgyzstan (Genesis, Evolution, National Traditions)]. Bishkek. Raritet Info, 2010. 148p. (in Russ.). BBK 85. 113 (2) 7. ISBN 978–9967–424–81–4. (in Russ).

Priemets O.N. Ornamentalnie kompozicii v architecture Almati konca XIX – nachala XXI vekov (kolichestvennii analys primenenia). [Ornamental composition in the architecture of the Almaty of the late XIX – early XXI century (quantitative analysis of the application)]. // Materials of the International Scientific and Practical Conference “Actual problems of the big city: architectural theory and practice”. Almaty. 213. http://konf.x-pdf.ru/19stroitelstvo/630004-4-udk-6202-bbk-303ya7-a-5-materiali-mezhdunarodnoy-nauchno-prakticheskoy-konferencii-aktualnie-problemi-bolshogo-goroda.php. (in Russ).

Tujakbaeva B.T. Almaty: drevnii, srednevekovyji, kolonialni, sovetskij etapi urbanizacii. [Almaty: ancient, medieval, colonial, Soviet stages of urbanization.]. Almaty. World Discovery, 2008. 245p. ISBN 9965-32-676-2. FB 2P 21/119.


Ссылки

  • На текущий момент ссылки отсутствуют.