Cover Image

Kinetics of chemical bath deposition of zinc sulfide ZnS

A. A. Uritskaya, N. S. Kozhevnikova, T. V. Yakubova


The paper is devoted to kinetic methods of chemical bath deposition of zinc sulfide ZnS from aqueous alkaline solutions containing ehylenediamine complex zinc salt Zn(En)n2+ and diamide of thiocarbonic acid N2H4CS. It is established that the rate of formation of ZnS is weakly dependent on pH, depends on the concentration of the precipitant ((N2H4CS) and decreases with increasing concentration of ligand (ethylenediamine). The calculation of the theoretical curves on the experimentally obtained kinetic equation shows a satisfactory description of experimental data that allows to recommend it to calculate the rate of formation of ZnS in aqueous alkaline solutions of N2H4CS.


chemical bath deposition; thiourea; ethylenediamine; detectors of ultraviolet radiation; the apparent rate constant of the reaction; the true rate constant of the reaction

Full Text:



Monroy E, Omnes F, Calle F. Wide-bandgap semiconductor ultraviolet photodetectors. Semicond Sci Technol. 2003;18(4):R33-R55. doi:10.1088/0268-1242/18/4/201

Kroeger FA, Hellingman JE. Chemical proof of the presence of chlorine in blue fluorescent zinc sulfide. J Electrochem Soc. 1949;95(2):68-9. doi:10.1149/1.2776738

Chen R, Lockwood DJ. Developments in luminescence and display materials over the last 100 years as reflected in electrochemical society publications. J Electrochem Soc. 2002;149(9):S69-S78. doi:10.1149/1.1502258

Quan Z, Yang D, Li C, Kong D, Yang P, Cheng Z, Lin J. Multicolor tuning of manganese-doped ZnS colloidal nanocrystals. Langmuir. 2009;25(17):10259-62. doi:10.1021/la901056d

Peng WQ, Cong GW, Qu SC, Wan ZG. Synthesis and photoluminescence of ZnS:Cu nanoparticles. Optic Mater. 2006;29(2-3):313-7. doi:10.1016/j.optmat.2005.10.003

Debenham M. Refractive indices of zinc sulfide in the 0.405–13-μm wavelength range. Appl Opt 1984;23(14):2238-9. doi:10.1364/AO.23.002238

Park W, King JS, Neff CW, Liddell C, Summers CJ. ZnS-Based photonic crystals. Phys Stat Sol B. 2002;229(2):949-60. doi:10.1002/1521-3951(200201)229:2<949::AID-PSSB949>3.0.CO;2-K

Nanda J, Sapra S, Sarma DD. Size-selected zinc sulfide nanocrystallites: synthesis, structure, and optical studies. Chem Mater. 2000;12(4):1018-24. doi:10.1021/cm990583f

Zhao Y, Zhang Y, Zhu H, Hadjipanayis GC, Xiao JQ. Low-temperature synthesis of hexagonal (wurtzite) ZnS nanocrystals. J Am Chem Soc. 2004;126(22):6874-5. doi:10.1021/ja048650g

Del'mon B. Kinetika geterogennikh reaktsiy [Kinetics of heterogeneous reactions]. Bazhina NM, Malygina EG, Berdnikova VM, translators; Boldyrev VV, editor. Moscow: Mir; 1972. 556 p. Russian.

Kitaev GA, Uritskaya AA, Yatlova LE, Mirolyubov VP. Deposition of zinc sulfide from a solution of N-allylthiourea. Russ J Appl Chem. 1994; 67(10):1612-5.

Uritskaya AA, Kitaev GA, Belova NS. Kinetics of cadmium sulfide precipitation from aqueous thiourea solutions. Russ J Appl Chem. 2002;75(5):846-848. doi:10.1023/A:1020391419595

MatWeb: Material property data: Data sheets for over 87,000 metals, plastics, ceramics, and composites [Internet]. [Blacksburg (VA)]: Mat-Web LLC, c1996-2011. Available from:

Haimova IM, Atlava LE, Uritskaya AA, Kitaev GA. [Investigation of kinetics of chemical vapor deposition of zinc sulfide from solutions of allithiourea]. VINITI. Dep. № 859-XII-88. Russian.

Zakhar'evskiy MS. Kinetika i kataliz [Kinetics and catalysis]. Leningrad (USSR): Izdatel'stvo Leningradskogo universiteta [Leningrad University publishing house]; 1963. 314 p. Russian.


Copyright (c) 2016 A. A. Uritskaya, N. S. Kozhevnikova, T. V. Yakubova

© Chimica Techno Acta, 2014-2020
ISSN 2411-1414 (Online), ISSN 2409-5613 (Print)

Scopus logo WorldCat logo DOAJ logo CAS logo BASE logo eLibrary logo