Graphical Abstract

Improving the environmental production of electrodes for solar panels

A. O. Patianova, K. Yu. Ivanova, L. G. Rogozhina, M. V. Kuzmin, V. L. Semenov


Biodegradable aminosiloxanes have been synthesized by the interaction of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane with monoethanolamine in the presence of a binary antioxidant and an alkali metal alcoholate. The synthesized compounds were used to develop flux compositions for tinning copper wire and producing electrodes for solar panels. The wetting ability, fluxing activity and biodegradability of the flux were investigated. The possibility of using a flux for hot tinning of copper wire is shown, which makes it possible to increase the environmental friendliness of the production of electrodes for solar panels.


flux; lead-free solder; solar panels; electrode; tinning; copper wire; biodegradable aminosiloxanes

Full Text:



Zarmai MT, Ekere NN, Oduoza CF, Amalu EH. A review of interconnection technologies for improved crystalline silicon solar cell photovoltaic module assembly. Applied Energy. 2015;154:173–82. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.04.120

Miles RW. Photovoltaic solar cells: choice of materials and production methods. Vacuum. 2006;80(10):1090–7. doi:10.1016/j.vacuum.2006.01.006

Saga T. Advances in crystalline silicon solar cell technology for industrial mass production. NPG Asia Mater. 2010;2(3):96–102. doi:10.1038/asiamat.2010.82

Fazal MA, Liyana NK, Rubaiee S, Anas A. A critical review on performance, microstructure and corrosion resistance of Pb-free solders. Measurement. 2019;134:897–907. doi:10.1016/j.measurement.2018.12.051

Li G, Akram MW, Jin Y, Chen X, Zhu C, Ahmad A, Arshad RH, Zhao X. Thermo-mechanical behavior assessment of smart wire connected and busbar PV modules during production, transportation, and subsequent field loading stages. Energy. 2019;168:931–45. doi:10.1016/

Campeau Z, Anderson M, Hasselbrink E, Kavulak D, Shen YC, Lacerda R. SunPower® module degradation rate [Internet]. SunPower Corpor. 2013 [cited 29.10.2020]; p. 1-61. Available from:

Jeong JS, Park N, Han C. Field failure mechanism study of solder interconnection for crystalline silicon photovoltaic module. Microelectronics Reliability. 2012;52(9–10):2326–30. doi:10.1016/j.microrel.2012.06.027

Chen YM, Chiu YP, Wu H. Improved testing of soldered interconnects quality on silicon solar cell. GPEM. 2020;1(2):51–8.

Ryzhova OG, Fokina IV, Mukhamedzhanova TG, Churmasova LI, Indisova GE, Shanenko EF. Kremniyorganicheskie soedineniya, povishayushchie effektivnost’ ochistki stochnykh vod [Organosilicon compounds that increase the efficiency of wastewater treatment]. Khimicheskaya promyshlennost’ segodnya [Chemical industry today]. 2018;6:9–12. Russian.


Copyright (c) 2020 A. O. Patianova, K. Yu. Ivanova, L. G. Rogozhina, M. V. Kuzmin, V. L. Semenov

© Chimica Techno Acta, 2014-2020
ISSN 2411-1414 (Online), ISSN 2409-5613 (Print)

Scopus logo WorldCat logo DOAJ logo CAS logo BASE logo eLibrary logo