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Piezo-, photo- and piezophotocatalytic activity of electrospun fibrous PVDF/CTAB membrane

Alina Rabadanova, Magomed Abdurakhmanov, Rashid Gulakhmedov, Abdulatip Shuaibov, Daud Selimov, Dinara Sobola, Klára Částková, Shikhgasan Ramazanov, Farid Orudzhev

Abstract


A composite material based on polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanofibers modified with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) was synthesized by coaxial electrospinning. The morphology and structure of the material were studied by SEM, FTIR spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, XPS, and the piezo-photo- and piezo-photocatalytic activity during the decomposition of the organic dye Methylene blue (MB) was studied. It is shown that the addition of CTAB promotes additional polarization of the PVDF structure due to ion-dipole interaction. It has been shown for the first time that the addition of CTAB promotes the photosensitivity of the wide-gap dielectric polymer PVDF (the band gap is more than 6 eV). It was demonstrated that the photocatalytic decomposition efficiency was 91% in 60 minutes. The material exhibits piezocatalytic activity – 73% in 60 minutes. Experiments on trapping active oxidizing forms have established that OH hydroxyl radicals play the main role in the photocatalytic process.


Keywords


PVDF; photocatalysis; piezocatalysis; piezophotocatalysis; nanofibers; coaxial electrospinning; CTAB; methylene blue

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/chimtech.2022.9.4.20

Copyright (c) 2022 Alina Rabadanova, Magomed Abdurakhmanov, Rashid Gulakhmedov, Abdulatip Shuaibov, Daud Selimov, Dinara Sobola, Klára Částková, Shikhgasan Ramazanov, Farid Orudzhev

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Chimica Techno Acta, 2014-2022
ISSN 2411-1414 (Online)
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