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Towards controlling the morphology of cobalt loaded nanocomposites in polyol process with polyethylene glycol

Anastasia Burmatova, Artur Khannanov, Liana Zubaidullina, Dmitry Emelianov, Olga Mostovaya, Ivan Stoikov, Nikolay Ulakhovich, Marianna Kutyreva


The polyol process is one of the simple, efficient and productive methods for the synthesis of metal loaded polymer composites. Functional properties of metal-polymer nanocomposites are determined by chemical composition, size and morphology of their particles. Finding effective ways to control the nanoparticle's properties during the polyol process is a crucial task. The effect of molar ratio Mn+/OHPEG on the formation of cobalt loaded metal-polymer nanocomposites during a one-pot two-component polyol process by polyethylene glycol with Mr = 4000 g·mol–1 (PEG) was studied. The PEG-based polyol process and the formation of cobalt nanophase were studied at molar ratios νCo2+OH(PEG) = 1:1, 1:10, 1:100 and 1:500 using UV-Vis, diffuse reflectance IR and ATR FT-IR spectroscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), dynamic light scattering (DLS). It was found that PEG can act as a reducing agent and stabilizing matrix for the cobalt nanophase at a ratio higher than Mn+/OHPEG= 1:10. The composition and morphology of Co/PEG nanocomposites were determined by XRD and TEM methods. Two types of spheroid particles with average diameters of 88±55 nm / 8±4 nm and 12±3 nm / 3±1 nm, respectively, represent Co/PEG nanocomposites 1:500 and 1:100. Scaly structures with a diameter of 15±5 nm are formed at a molar ratio of νCo2+OH(PEG) = 1:10. An increase in the Co2+ content in the PEG-based polyol process leads to the immobilized cobalt nanophase Co3O4 (1:500), Co0/CoO (1:100), CoO (1:10) in PEG. Co/PEG nanocomposites are hemocompatible. The HC50value depends on the composition and morphology of the nanoparticles.


polyol process; polyethylene glycol; cobalt; nanocomposites; biocompatibility

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Copyright (c) 2023 Anastasia Burmatova, Artur Khannanov, Liana Zubaidullina, Dmitry Emelianov, Olga Mostovaya, Ivan Stoikov, Nikolay Ulakhovich, Marianna Kutyreva

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Chimica Techno Acta, 2014-2024
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