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Viscosity of fluoride melts promising for molten salt nuclear reactors

Olga Yu. Tkacheva, Alexey V. Rudenko, Alexander A. Kataev


The viscosity of molten salt, as an important hydrodynamic property, should be taken into account when creating and operating molten salt nuclear reactors (MSRs). An eutectic FLiNaK is considered to be one of the most suitable for use in MSR designed for the minor actinides transmutation. The dynamic viscosity of the molten mixtures FLiNaK + NdF3, FLiNaK + CeF3 and FLiNaK + LaF3 was measured in a temperature range of 600–700 °C using the high-temperature rotary rheometer FRS-1600. Lanthanide fluorides were considered as analogues of actinide fluorides. It was revealed that the additions of rare earth fluorides (REM)F3 in amount of 15 mol. % significantly impact the viscosity of the system FLiNaK + (REM)F3,but the effect of NdF3, CeF3 and LaF3 was found to be almost the same. In order to calculate the kinematic viscosity of the molten mixture FLiNaK + NdF3, a regression equation depending on several parameters was derived. This model equation can be used for predicting the kinematic viscosity of molten mixtures of FLiNaK with other rare earth fluorides.


molten salts; dynamic viscosity; kinematic viscosity; FLiNaK; FLiBe; rare earth fluorides

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