Tax revenue collection or foreign borrowing: what fiscal tools enhance the educational development in Nigeria?

Cordelia O. Omodero


Nigeria’s educational system does not receive sufficient finances and nearly every new administration proposes greater levels of borrowing on the belief that they would enhance the economy, particularly human capital. The most important fiscal tools utilized in the Nigerian political arena to support education are tax revenue collection, foreign borrowing, and its interest component. This study aims to examine the impact of these fiscal tools on educational development in Nigeria. We use the multiple regression analysis of the data obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria, Federal Inland Revenue Service, and World Bank Economic Development Indicators. The statistics ranging from 1990 to 2019 were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The correlation data shows that education has a substantial positive association with foreign liabilities and taxation income at the 1% level, but the relationship with debt servicing (interest rate) is negatively significant at the 1% level. Foreign debt, on the other hand, shows a substantial positive association with education and tax income at the 1% level but has an insignificant negative correlation with interest rate. Tax income has a substantial negative association with interest rates, but it also has a positive relationship with education and foreign loans. The findings of this study show that foreign debt and interest rates have had little impact on Nigeria’s educational system. The study result met the a priori expectation that tax revenue should impact positively on the development of education in Nigeria. As a result, the research recommends the prudent use of tax revenues while opposing foreign borrowing for political campaigns.

For citation

Omodero C.O. Tax revenue collection or foreign borrowing: what fiscal tools enhance the educational development in Nigeria? Journal of Tax Reform. 2021;7(3):231–243.

Article info

Received September 1, 2021; Revised October 18, 2021; Accepted November 18, 2021


fiscal tools, taxation, foreign borrowings, interest rate, education, Nigeria, political campaigns


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