Innovation and technological development of industrial regions under social and economic insecurity

Irina M. Golova, Alla F. Sukhovey

Abstract


The article is devoted to the identification of the characteristics and priorities of innovation and technological development in the industrial regions of the Russian Federation in the context of the ongoing global crisis. The authors come from the hypothesis that, in these circumstances, the strategy of innovative development of industrial regions, in order to ensure their sustainability and the creation of conditions for further growth, should be an integral part of their industrial policies and focus primarily on the modernization and improvement of technical and technological level of basic units.

On the basis of the analysis of statistical data about the status of the innovation capacity in the Russian Federation the authors identified root causes of the continuing backlog of advanced foreign countries by level of innovative development (installation on raw-material orientation of the Russian economy that enhances both the technological dependence of the developed countries; insufficient financial support for innovation activities by the State; the orientation of innovation in imitation and borrowing).

There is founded the necessity to take into account in the formulation and implementation of the socioeconomic strategic regions of the Russian Federation and the close relationship between the industrial, technological and innovation component of social development. In order to improve the effectiveness of regional development policies classification of Russian regions to take account of their industrial and technological specialization and identifies required elements and characteristics of effective innovation systems for each type of region.

In this article were determined proposals on measures of State support for innovation development of industrial regions, with the aim of improving their sustainability and competitiveness in the face of geopolitical and economic uncertainty.

The article is addressed to professionals in the field of theory and practice in the management of innovative processes.


Keywords


innovation and technological development; innovation policy; industrial region; region innovation system

Full Text:

PDF

References


The IMF predicts the decline of the Russian economy in 2015. New news. Available at: http://www.newizv.ru/lenta/2015–01–20/213356-mvf-prognoziruet-spad-rossijskoj-ekonomiki-v-2015-godu.html.

Economy. The main reasons for the technological gap in Russia. Available at: http://www.portalus.ru/modules/ruseconomics/print.php?subaction=showfull&id=1396874747&archive=&start_from=&ucat=&

Titov, D. (2014). Russia made a jerk up in the global innovation index. Economics and life, 29. Available at: http://www.eg-online.ru/article/252599.

Indicators of innovation: 2014. (2014). Moscow: HSE, 472.

Science indicators: 2014. Stat. sat. (2014). M.: HSE, 472.

White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. (Feb. 14, 2011). Available at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/microsites/ostp/FY12-rd-fs.pdf

Indicators of innovation: 2014. (2014). Moscow: HSE, 472.

The Russian statistical year-book. 2013: Stat. sat. Rosstat. (2013). Moscow, 717.

Work and employment in Russia. 2013: Stat. sat. (2013), 560.

Science Russia in figures. 2013. Stat. sat. (2013). FGBNU EXPERTISE, Moscow, 137.

Golova, I. M. & Suhovey, A. F. (2014). The problems and threats of innovative development of Russian regions. Economy of the Region, 1, 155–164.

Germany: technological parks and clusters. Available at: http://andshestopalov.livejournal.com/73524.html (date of access: 14.02.2013).

Permin, V. Machine-tool industry of Russia “defense industry” and pumped into the joint production? Available at: www.equipnet.ru/articles/power-industry/power-industry_1362.html (date of access: 22.09.2014).

Kareva, D. E. & Shmat, V. V. (2014). The future of the Russian economy through the eyes of “fathers and children”. ECO, 9, 86–105.

Suhovey, A. F. (2014). Innovative infrastructure as a driver of socio-economic development: global and local experience. Economic analysis: theory and practice, 49, 11–19.

Resolution of Government of RF “On approval of the State program «Development of the industry of the Russian Federation and enhancing its competitiveness». N 328 from April 15, 2014. Available at the information and reference system “Konsultant-plus”.

Rating programs of innovative development of the State corporations and companies with State participation. (2012). Bulletin of the rating agency «Expert RA». Moscow, 27. Available at: http://raexpert.ru/researches/pir_2012/

Romanova, O. A. (2014). Strategic vector of economic dynamics of industrial region. Regional economy, 1, 43–56.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2015.1.009

Copyright (c) 2018 Irina M. Golova, Alla F. Sukhovey