Demographic Aspects of the Development of Human Capital in Russia and its Regions

Vladimir A. Iontsev, Aminat G. Magomedova

Abstract


In the present paper, the contemporary demographic situation that has developed in Russia – which can be described in terms of a demographic crisis – is analysed. One of its most salient characteristics consists in the negative qualitative changes that are occurring in the population, many of them due to the consequences of modern information technology. The negative qualitative changes in the population, which essentially began during the second half of the 1980s and have increased in present-day Russia, prevent the development of human capital in the country. This being the case, the authors give their own interpretation of the concept of “human capital”. The purpose of the work is to justify the primacy of the demographic factor in the formation and development of human capital. Migration in the form of a brain drain also has a negative impact on the development of human capital in Russia and its regions. Confirmation of the above-mentioned thesis is provided in a human development index, calculated for the country as a whole and for its regions. In the work, the methods of demographic analysis, the demographic indicators and indexes, which can be used to analyse the qualitative characteristics of the population, are used. The authors arrive at the conclusion that it is impossible at the present stage to develop human capital without first solving the demographic problems. This is especially true for some regions of Russia.

A greater awareness of this will contribute to a more efficient management of demographic processes, which will, in turn, guarantee the positive development of human capital, strengthening and developing the Russian economy and society as a whole.


Keywords


demographic development; demographic crisis; human capital; migration; brain drain; demographic processes management; regional indexes of quality of the population; regional human development index

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kolesov, V. P. (Ch. Ed.). (2008). Ekonomika znaniy [Knowledge Economy]. Moscow: Infra-M Publ., 432.

Schultz, T. W. (1961, March). Investment in Human Capital. The American Economic Review, 51(1), 1-17.

Becker, G. S. (1964). Human Capital. A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education. New York: Columbia University Press, 187.

Becker, G. (1983). A Treatise on the Familly. Oxford, 304.

Coleman, D. (2004). Europe at the Cross-roads. Must Europe’s Population and Workforce Depend on New Theories and Concepts. International Migration: ten years after Cairo. Scientific Series "International Migration of Population: Russia and the Contemporary World". In: V. Iontsev (Ed.). Moscow: MAX Press, 12, 19-33.

Demeny, P. (2014). Geopolitical Aspects of Population in the Twenty-First Century. International Migration of Population Demographic Development. Scientific Serios "International Migration of Population: Russia and the Contemporary World". In: V. Iontsev (Ed.). Moscow: Prospekt Publ, 28, 112.

Lomonosov, M. V. (1986). O sokhranenii i razmnozhenii rossiyskogo naroda [On the preservation and propagation of the Russian people]. Izbrannye proizvedeniya. V 2-kh t. T.2. [Selected works. In 2 Vol. Vol. 2]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 495.

Zvereva, N. V. (1998). Semya i vosproizvodstvo chelovecheskogo kapitala [Family and reproduction of human capital]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta [Bulletin of Moscow University], 5, 31-42. (6. Economics).

Sagradov, A. A. (Ed.). (2002). Chelovecheskiy kapital i ekonomiko-demograficheskoye razvitie [Human capital and economical and demographic development]. Moscow: MAKS-Press, 96.

Iontsev, V. A. (2014). Demograficheskie aspekty stagnatsii ekonomiki Rossii [Demographic aspects of economy stagnation in Russia]. Mezhdistsiplinarnyye issledovaniya ekonomiki obshchestva. Sb. st. po materialam Ezhegodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii Novoy ekonomicheskoy assotsiatsii [Interdisciplinary research economic society. Collection of articles on materials of Annual Scientific Conference of the New Economic Association]. In: A. A. Auzan, P. A. Minakira, L. A. Tutova (Eds). Moscow: MAKS-Press, 336.

Danilov-Danilyan, V. I. (2007). Ustoychivoyye razvitie. 20 let sporov [Sustainable development. 20 years of disputes]. Ekonomicheskaya effektivnost razvitiya Rossii [Economic efficiency of Russia]. In: Prof. K. V. Papenova (Ed.). Moscow: TEIS Publ.

Rogovskiy, E. A. (2014). Kiber-Vashington. Globalnyye ambitsii [Cyber Washington. Global ambitions]. Moskva: Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya Publ.

Kungurova, N. I. & Terekhov, V. K. (2010). Ekonomika znaniy. Tema 3. Informatsionnaya voyna [Knowledge economy. Theme 3. Information warfare]. Minsk: Belorusskiy Dom Pechati Publ.

Zinovyev, A. A. (1994). Russkiy eksperiment [Russian experiment]. Moscow, 475.

Van de Kaa, D. J. (1987). Europe’s Second Demographic Transition. Population Bulletin. Washington, The Population Reference Bureau, 42(1).

Iontsev, V. & Prokhorova, Yu. (2013). To the issue of international migration and nuptiality within the concept of the fourth demographic transition. Scientific Series “International Migration of Population: Russia and the Contemporary World”. In: V. Iontsev (Ed.). The twenty-seven volume. Moskow, 6-22.

Sagradov, A. A. (1995). Teoriya i metody izucheniya kachestva naseleniya [Theory and methods of study of population quality]. Moscow: Gumanitarnyy fond Publ, 238.

Sjaastad, L. (1962, October). The Costs and Returns of Human Migration. In: T. W. Schultz (Ed.), Investment in Human Beings. Supplement to the Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 2.

Iontsev, V. A. (1999). Mezhdunarodnaya migratsiya naseleniya. Teoriya i istoriya izucheniya [International human migration. Theory and history of the study]. Moscow: Dialog-MGU Publ.

Iontsev, V. A. (2009). Demograficheskie aspekty formirovaniya i razvitiya chelovecheskogo potentsiala v Rossii [Demographic aspects of the formation and development of human potential in Russia]. Chelovecheskiy kapital i obrazovanie [Human capital and education]. In: V. N. Cherkovtsa, E. N. Zhiltsova, R. T. Zyablyuk (Eds). Moscow: TEIS Publ., 324.

Cherkovts, V. N., Zhiltsov, E. N. & Zyablyuk, R. T. (Eds). (2009). Chelovecheskiy kapital i obrazovanie [Human capital and education]. Moscow: TEIS Publ.

Lokosov, V. V. & Rybakovskiy, L. L. (Eds.) (2014). Migratsionnyye protsessy v Rossii [Migratory processes in Russia]. Moscow: Ekoninform Publ., 383.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2015.3.010

Copyright (c) 2018 Vladimir A. Iontsev, Aminat G. Magomedova