Problems and ways of business climate improving in the regions

Nazym A. Uruzbaeva

Abstract


The presence of the specific conditions and development factors of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the regions of the country supposes the differentiated state policy in order to maintain a favorable business climate in the eld. The article presents the results of the research whose purpose was to determine the main issues and directions of the improvement of the business climate in the region, allowing to intensify the activities of local authorities in support of SMEs and considering the peculiarities of the territories development. The subject matter of this research is conditions and factors generating the business climate of the region. As a hypothesis, a direct connection between the prevailing regional business climate and the development of the quantitative indicators of active SMEs in the eld was assumed. The study used the method of comparative analysis, sociological methods of focus groups, survey research, and statistical methods of ranking and grouping. The article theoretically substantiates the correctness of the usage of the «business climate» category as an object of study in the framework of such project as «Implementation of «Business Climate» as an Independent Rating», which makes possible the argumentation of the used methodology and concretization of the factors affecting the functioning of small and medium-sized businesses in the regions. This research confirmed a direct correlation between the established business climate in regions and quantitative indicators of the development of active small and medium-sized enterprises in the eld. Such factors as “ financial resources” and “government support” limited the development of business increasingly. In conclusion, a set of measures is provided to improve the business climate in the region both at national and regional levels of government. In addition, it was concluded that to generate a favorable business environment in the regions of Kazakhstan, it is necessary to make a smooth transition from a policy of “identification and punishment of conscientious entrepreneurs” to a policy of “prevention of violations and promotion of good business.” The results of the research can be used in the work of the local executive authorities in order to improve business climate in the regions of country.

Keywords


small and medium enterprises; entrepreneurship; enterprise environment; business environment; the business climate in the regions

Full Text:

PDF

References


Pestryakov, V. (2008). Sotsialno-ekonomicheskie usloviya formirovaniya delovoy sredy regiona [Socio-economic conditions of the regional business environment formation]. Sotsialnaya innovatika v regionalnom razvitii: Sb. mat-lov chetvertoy shkoly molodykh uchenykh [Social innovatics in regional development: Collection of articles of the 4th School of Young Scientists]. Petrozavodsk: KarNTs RAN Publ., 110–116.

Busygin, A. (2003). Vvedenie v predprinimatelstvo. Kniga dlya tekh, kto zadumyvaetsya o sozdanii sobstvennogo dela [Introduction into business. The book for those who thinks to start own business]. Moscow: Finpress Publ., 229.

Grebennik, V. V. & Shkodinskiy, S. V. (2006). Osnovy predprinimatelstva [Business bases]. Moscow: MIEMP Publ., 190.

Lapusta, M. G. (2010). Predprinimatelstvo: uchebnoye posobie [Business: textbookv]. Moscow: Infra-M Publ., 608.

Hosking, A. (1993). Kurs predprinimatelstva: prakticheskoye posobie: per. s angl [Business course: workbook: trans. from English]. Moscow: Mezhdunarodnyye otnosheniya Publ., 352.

Hisrich, R. & Peters, M. (1991). Predprinimatelstvo ili kak zavesti sobstvennoye delo i dobitsya uspekha. Vyp. 1. Predprinimatel i predprinimatelstvo: per. s angl. [Entrepreneurship or how to start own business and achieve success. Businessman and business]. Moscow: Progress-Univers Publ., 158.

Abdullaeva, Z. Z. (2011). Blagopriyatnaya predprinimatelskaya sreda i usloviya eyo formirovaniya v regione [The favorable business environment and how to develop it in the region]. Regionalnyye problemy preobrazovaniya ekonomiki [Regional problems of transforming the economy], 4(29), 266–275

Vorozhbit, O. Yu. (2010). Struktura predprinimatelskoy sredy. Opredelyayushchie faktory [Structure of the business environment. The defining factors]. Vestnik TOGU [Bulletin of the Pacific National University], 4(19), 121–128.

Gerchikova, I. N. (1994). Menedzhment: uchebnik [Management: textbook]. Moscow: Banki i birzhi Publ., YuNITI Publ., 685.

Gorfinkel, V. Ya. & Shvandar, V. A. (Eds). (1997). Kurs predprinimatelstva: uchebnik dlya vuzov [Business course: textbook for higher education institutions]. Moscow: Finansy Publ., YuNITI Publ., 439.

Kozhamkulova, Zh. T., Uruzbaeva, N. A. & Tulembayeva, A. N. (1999). Kommercheskoye predprinimatelstvo: uchebnoye posobie [Commercial business: textbook]. Almaty: Қazaқ universitetі Publ., 135.

Suleymenova, G. (2005). Rol vneshney sredy v stimulirovanii predprinimatelskikh nachinaniy [Environment role in stimulation of entrepreneurial venture]. Evraziyskoye soobshchestvo [The Eurasian Community], 3, 74–77.

Neshitoy, A. S. (2002). Kontseptualno-metodicheskie osnovy kompleksnoy otsenki effektivnosti predprinimatelskoy deyatelnosti [Conceptual and methodical bases of the integrated assessment of business efficiency]. Finansovyy menedzhment [Financial management], 4, 3–10.

Dollar, D., Hallwart-Driemier, M. & Mengistae, T. (2003). Investment Climate and Firms Performance in the Development Economies. World Bank: Economic Development and Cultural Change, 1–31.

Deniels, Dzh. D. & Radeba, L. X. (1994). Mezhdunarodnyy biznes. Vneshnyaya sreda i delovye operatsii [International business. Environment and business operations]. Moscow: Delo Publ., 746.

Douns, Dzh. & Gudman, Dzh. E. (2007). Finansovo-investitsionnyy slovar [Financial and investment dictionary]. Moscow: Infra-M Publ., 340.

Moore, M. & Schmitz, H. (2008). Idealism, realism and the investment climate in developing countries. Institute of Development Studies, 64.

Kaluzhskiy, M. L. & Saraev, E. V. (2012). Ekonomika Zapadnoy Sibiri. Omskaya oblast: uchebnoye posobie [Economy of Western Siberia. Omsk region: textbook]. Moscow: FGAU GNII ITT "Informatika" Publ., 697.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2016.2.1.012

Copyright (c) 2018 Nazym A. Uruzbaeva