Priority areas for the support and promotion of import substitution in the construction industry

Svetlana N. Kotlyarova

Abstract


The issues of import dependency and import substitution are major factors in the development of Russian economy. The subject matter of this study is the import dependency of the construction industry in the area of technology, while the goal of the study is to identify the scale of the problem and justify the mechanisms to overcome it. The article substantiates the signi cance and importance of import substitution in the production of construction materials and equipment. In the construction industry, the import substitution can be implemented in two main areas that require different approaches in support and promotion. First, this is the import substitution of construction products aimed at minimizing the risks of disruption in the supply of imported construction products and preferential use of domestic analogs of imported construction products. Second, this is the import substitution of technologies used for construction products manufacturing, when such a substitution is focused on promoting the development of competitive domestic production and technological and managerial modernization in the construction materials industry and construction industry. In the construction industry, the processes of import substitution have a number of constraints. The article examines the capabilities and factors that limit import substitution. Particular attention is paid to the practice of building regional construction clusters as a tool for implementing the import substitution policy. The author critically examines the goals and principles in the establishment of clusters, proactive sources, transfer systems, and the use of knowledge and innovation. The article makes a conclusion on the need for the strategic development of new products for the construction sector and domestic Research and Development within not only sectoral but also a cross-sectoral framework. The author provides a rationale for the basic forms of state support required for implementing the import substitution policy in the construction industry. This includes organizational, administrative, and economic measures, the implementation of which during the transition to import substitution could reduce the cost of construction materials, products, and structures. At the end of the article, the author formulates the priority areas for support under the policy aimed at promoting import substitution in the construction industry. The conclusions and recommendations proposed in this paper can be used by federal and regional authorities in the elaboration and adoption of strategic documents for the development of construction industry and in the planning of spatial development of the territories as well.

Keywords


import dependency; construction industry; promotion of import substitution; competitiveness of construction industry; cross-sectoral cluster; technological renewal; innovation in the construction; import substitution policy; promotion of development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Novoselov, V. (2013). Byt li rossiyskomu stroydormashu? [Is there a chance for Russian road construction machinery?]. Stroitelnaya tekhnika i tekhnologii [Construction equipment and technologies], 8, 28–34.

Makarova, I. V., Averina, L. M. & Petrov, A. A. (2014). Analiz effektivnosti sushchestvuyushchikh mekhanizmov podderzhki mashinostroitelnogo kompleksa regiona, realizuyushchikh potentsial novoy industrializatsii. Na primere Sverdlovskoy oblasti [Analysis of effectiveness of existing mechanisms for support of the regional machine-building complex to realize the potential of new industrialization. Example of the Sverdlovsk region]. Regionalnaya promyshlennaya politika kak baza kachestvennogo neoindustrialnogo podyema proizvoditelnosti truda i innovatsionnoy konkurentosposobnosti korporatsiy. Mat-ly VII Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt.y konf.; Perm, 3 dek. 2015 g [Regional industrial policy as the basis of a qualitative neo-industrial growth of labor productivity and competitiveness of innovative corporations. Proceedings of the 7th International Scientific and Practical Conference. Perm, December 2, 2015]. Perm: PGNIU Publ., 89–97.

O merakh po realizatsii importozameshcheniya v grazhdanskikh otraslyakh promyshlennosti v interesakh ukrepleniya natsionalnoy bezopasnosti [On measures to implement import substitution in civil industries to strengthen the national security]. (2014). Analiticheskiy vestnik [Analytical bulletin], 27(545). Retrieved from: http://www.council.gov.ru/media/files/41d51d722c0fdcb10554.pdf (date of access: 12.03.2016).

Animitsa, E. G., Animitsa, P. E. & Glumov, A. A. (2015). Importozameshchenie v promyshlennom proizvodstve regiona. Kontseptualno-teoreticheskie i prikladnyye aspekty [Import substitution in the industrial production of the region. Conceptual, theoretical and applied aspects]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of region], 3, 160–172.

Bruton, H. J. (1998). A Reconsideration of Import Substitution. Journal of Economic Literature, 36(2), 903–936.

Danilov-Danilyan, A. Importozameshchenie v Rossii-2015. Chem obernetsya krizisnaya politika dlya kompaniy [Import substitution in Russia, 2015. What impact the crisis management policy will have on companies]. Kommercheskiy director [Commercial director]. Retrieved from: http://www.kom-dir.ru/article/309-importozameshchenie-v-rossii-2015 (date of access: 20.04.2016).

Semenov, A. M. (2014). Politika importozameshcheniya v razvitii farmatsevticheskoy promyshlennosti Rossii: avtoref. dis. ... kand. ekon. nauk [Import substitution policy in the development of russian pharmaceutical industry: author’s abstract of the thesis for the academic degree of PhD in Economics]. Moscow, 28.

Lavrikova, Yu. G. & Kotlyarova, S. N. (2014). Innovatsionnoye razvitie stroitelnogo kompleksa regiona na osnove klasternogo podkhoda [Innovative development of regional construction complex based on cluster approach]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsialnyye peremeny. Fakty, tendentsii, prognoz [Economic and social change. Facts, trends, forecast], 3(33), 169–181.

Lavrikova, Yu. G., Kotlyarova, S. N. & Suvorova, A. V. (2015). Importozameshchenie i tekhnologicheskaya modernizatsiya predpriyatiy stroitelnogo kompleksa na osnove klasternogo vzaimodeystviya [Import substitution and technological modernization of companies in the construction complex based on cluster interaction]. Vektor nauki TGU [Science vector of Tomsk State University], 1(31), 163–168.

Lavrikova, Yu. G., Kotlyarova, S. N. & Suvorova, A. V. (2014). Mekhanizm realizatsii effektivnogo vzaimodeystviya predpriyatiy stroitelnogo i mashinostroitelnogo kompleksov na osnove klasternykh printsipov [The mechanism for implementing the effective collaboration of the companies in the construction and machine-building complexes based on cluster principles]. Sovremennyye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya [Modern issues of science and education], 6. Retrieved from: http://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=15561 (date of access: 15.04.2016).

Tatarkin, A. I. & Lavrikova, Yu. G. (2015). Klasternaya politika regionov v prostranstvennom obustroystve Rossiyskoy Federatsii [The cluster policy of regions in the spatial development of the Russian federation]. Sovremennyye proizvoditelnyye sily [Contemporary productive forces], 2, 111–126.

Kopsha, S. P., Loshchenko, A. L. & Lavrikova, Yu. G. (2015). Innovatsionnyye tekhnologii importozameshcheniya s ispolzovaniem mezhotraslevogo klasternogo podkhoda [Innovative technologies of import substitution based on cross-sectoral cluster approach: monograph]. Ekaterinburg: Institute of Economics of UB RAS, 174.

Yamshchikova, I. V. & Kudryavtseva, V. A. (2012). Klasternaya initsiativa kak put innovatsionnogo razvitiya promyshlennosti stroitelnykh materialov regiona [Cluster initiative as a way of innovative development of the construction materials industry in the region]. Polzunovskiy vestnik [Poluzniv’s bulletin], 4, 127–131.

Yagodina, N. V. (2010). Formirovanie mezhotraslevykh klasterov v legkoy promyshlennosti: avtoref. diss. … kand. ekon. nauk [Building cross-sectoral clusters in light industry: author’s abstract of the thesis for the academic degree of PhD in Economics]. Omsk: F.M. Dostoevsky Omsk State University Publ., 22.

Audretsch, D. B. & Feldmann, M. P. (1995). Innovative Clusters and the Industry Life Cycle. Discussion paper. Center for Economic Policy Research, 1161, 12–18.

Barkley, O. & Henry, M. (2001). Advantages and disadvantages of targeting industry clusters. Clemson: Clemson University Public Service Activities, 493.

Zhakevich, A. G. (2015). Importozameshchenie: problemy i perspektivy [Import substitution: problems and prospects]. Vestnik Mezhdunarodnogo instituta ekonomiki i prava [Bulletin of the International Institute of Economics and Law], 1(18), 36–39.

Cook, S. & Watson, Ph. (2011). A Comparison of Regional Export Enhancement and Import Substitution Economic Development Strategies. The Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, 41(1), 1–15.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2016.2.4.042

Copyright (c) 2018 Svetlana N. Kotlyarova

Сertificate of registration media №04-27008 от 28.04.2021
Online ISSN 2412-0731