Moscow metropolis labour market features: the requirements of employers and the quality of young specialists

Vyacheslav N. Bobkov, Alexander A. Litvinyuk, Svetlana A. Ledneva


The subject-matter of the article is the study of the features of the youth labour market in such a specific region of Russia as the city of Moscow. The topic of the work is connected with the adaptation of training system for young specialists to the regional requirements of the employers of Moscow. The main hypothesis of the research suggests that the city of Moscow is an atypical region of Russia and it makes no sense to apply the standard criteria and methodological approaches, which are typical to our country, to its labour market. As the research method, the authors have used a sample survey of the key Moscow employers and the respondents aged from 14 to 30 years. On the basis of the data of the sociological survey conducted by the authors, it was succeeded to identify the following features of the region in question: a relatively low level of the youth unemployment for Russia; the employers’ focus on such target signs of personnel as good communication skills, learning ability, professional knowledge and competences. The Moscow employers pay insufficient attention to such characteristics of young specialists as foreign language and computer skills, and a diploma of a prestigious education institution. The principal barriers that cause dificulties to the employment of young specialists in Moscow are: their overestimated salary expectations, poor professional training level and disinclination for work in principle. As a result of the survey, some practical proposals were formulated. Their application area is differentiated in two ways: focused on the young people’s behavior at the learning stage and focused on the improvement of the practical component of the activity of the vocational education institutions. The authors have come to the conclusions on the expediency of a deep focus of education institutions on the applied nature of training specialists, a need for attracting practitioners to teaching special disciplines, a need for developing the future specialists’ ability to present themselves and their work results in the professional environment (self-presentation), and an objective assessment of their real employment opportunities.


youth; labour market; unemployment; professional competences; education institutions; employers; education; vertical integration; region; university

Full Text:



Novash, I. & Chernozatonskaya, E. (2012). Krasivoye reshenie. V situatsii kadrovogo goloda IT-kompanii gotovy stat intellektualnymi donorami dlya universitetov [A good decision. In a situation of personnel hunger the it companies are ready to become intellectual donors for universities]. Harvard Business Review, 1, 70–77.

Bourdieu, P. & Boltanski, L. (2008). La production de l’idéologie dominante. Paris: Demopolis Publ., 157.

Bourdieu, P. (2004). Esquisse pour une auto-analyse. Paris.: Raisons d’agir éd. Publ., 142.

Didkovskaya, Ya. V. (2014). Dinamika strategiy professionalnoy karyery molodezhi v usloviyakh transformatsii modeli professionalnogo samoopredeleniya [Dynamics of professional career strategies of youth in the conditions of transformation of professional self-determination model]. Izvestiya Uralskogo federalnogo universiteta [News of the Ural Federal University], 2(126), 117–131. (Series: Problems of education, science and culture).

Didkovskaya, Ya. V. (2012). Strategii professionalnoy karyery postvuzovskoy molodezhi [Professional career strategies of post-graduate youth]. Vyssheye obrazovanie v Rossii [Higher education in Russia], 8/9, 90–96.

Lisovskiy, V. T. (1996). Sotsiologiya molodezhi [Youth sociology]. St. Petersbubrg: SPbGU Publ., 361.

Lisovskiy, V. T. (2000). Dukhovnyy mir i tsennostnyye orientatsii molodezhi Rossii [Inner world and valuable orientations of youth of Russia]. St. Petersburg: SPbGU Publ., 508.

Talcott, P. (1982). On institutions and social evolution: selected writings. In: Leon H. Mayhew (Ed). Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 356.

Talcot, P., & Victor, M. (1972). Readings in Premodern Societies. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 417.

Vorona, M. A. (2008). Motivy studencheskoy zanyatosti [Motives of student's employment]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Social studies], 8, 106–114.

Dolgova, A. & Zhukova, I. (2007). Polnaya i effektivnaya zanyatost molodezhi — uslovie povysheniya konkurentosposobnosti strany [Full and effective employment of youth — a condition for a competitive recovery of the country]. Chelovek i trud [The person and work], 8, 38–41.

Avramova, E. & Verpakhovskaya, Yu. (2006). Rabotodateli i vypuskniki vuzov na rynke truda: vzaimnyye ozhidaniya [Employers and university graduates in the labour market: mutual expectations]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Social studies], 6, 37–46.

Razumova, T. O. (2015). Perekhod ucheba — rabota. Problemy i puti resheniya [Transition from studies to work: problems and ways decision]. Vypuskniki ekonomicheskikh spetsialnostey na rynke truda. Kachestvennyye issledovaniya v ekonomike i demografii. Nauchnyy seminar v magistrature ekonomicheskogo fakulteta MGU [Graduates of economics specialities in labour market. — qualities research of economic and demography. Research workshop in master's degree programe of the faculty of economics of MSU]. Moscow: MAKS Press, the Faculty of Economic of Lomonosov Moscow State University, 139–151.

Gnevasheva, V. A. (2016). Molodezhnyy segment rynka truda v sovremennoy Rossii: Osobennosti formirovaniya rabochey sily [Youth labour market section in contemporary Russia. Labour force formation particularity. Monograph]. Moscow: RIOR Publ.; Infra-M Publ., 223.

Bobkov, V. N. & Bobkov, N. V. (2016). Ekonomicheskaya aktivnost rossiyskoy molodezhi i problemnyye zony eyo realizatsii [Economic activity of Russian youth and problem of its implementation areas]. Uroven zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii [Living standards of the population in the regions of Russia], 2, 8–29.

Linn, R. (1999, May). Personality, Motivation and Achievement by J. W. Atkinson and J. O. Raynor. British Journal of Psychology, 70(2), 347–354.

Litvinyuk, A. A. (2014). Problema formirovaniya professionalnykh kompetentsiy spetsialistov na osnove ispolzovaniya otraslevykh ramok kompetentsiy [Issues of professional competences of specialists using the industry framework of competences]. Formirovanie professionalnykh predprinimatelskikh kompetentsiy molodezhi v protsesse obucheniya predprinimatelstvu: sbornik statey [Professional entrepreneurial competences of youth in the training process of entrepreneurship: collection of articles]. Moscow: Synergy University Publ., 125–136.

Litvinyuk, A. A. (2014). Organizatsionnoye povedenie [Organizational behavior]. Moscow: Yurayt Publ., 528.


Copyright (c) 2018 Vyacheslav N. Bobkov, Alexander A. Litvinyuk, Svetlana A. Ledneva

Сertificate of registration media Эл № ФС77-80764 от 28.04.2021
Online ISSN 2412-0731