Problems in increasing innovative sustainability of regional development

Irina M. Golova, Alla F. Sukhovey, Natalia L. Nikulina

Abstract


The article provides a comparative analysis of innovative and technological development in Russia and other countries. The paper shows that the innovation sector of the Russian Federation lags behind most developed and developing countries: Russia has almost left the market of high technologies, the main expenditures on innovations are incurred in the sectors of low and medium technology industries; the self-sufficiency in the Russian economy in a number of key types of manufacturing equipment is significantly below the threshold marks determined by national security requirements. The authors describe the differentiation of innovative development in the Russian regions. The study of Russian innovation space has revealed that there are fairly intensive processes of science decay on the periphery, which causes serious problems for the spread of innovative impulses across the country. The article elaborates the methodology for comprehensive assessment of innovative security in the region and presents the relevant calculations for the regions of the Ural Federal District (UFD). It identifies the factors of innovative sustainability that are the most critical for these regions. The authors present the forecast and built long-term forecast trajectories for the level of innovative security in UFD by using the modernized Hurst method. They define the main barriers to the innovative development of Russian regions. The article presents the methodological approaches to substantiating the priority areas for building the innovative systems of regions by taking into account the characteristics of their science and manufacturing complexes. The authors propose a methodology to formally assess the priority of establishing in the region the centers of innovative activity aimed at supporting the competitiveness of industries with different levels of technology intensity. The paper presents the results of calculations with regard to priority of establishing the centers of innovative activity aimed at supporting the development of industries with different level of technology intensity using the example of UFD, one of the leading Russian regions in terms of innovation and production capacity.

Keywords


innovative sustainability; innovative and technological development; innovative security of the region; innovation system; innovation capacity; innovation development strategy; innovation centers; priorities of innovative activity; high-tech industries; m

Full Text:

PDF

References


Innovations in Nanotechnology at the NSECs and NNIN. Highlights of Achievements (2011, June). National Science Foundation. Retrieved from: www.cein.ucla.edu/PDFs/NSF-report-NSEC-NNIN-June-2011.pdf (date of access: 01.04.2016).

Gribkov, A., Zakharchenko, D. & Kornienko, A. (2013). Konkurentosposobnost stankostroeniya Rossii. In Russian [Competitiveness of Russian machine-tool industry]. Voprosy ekonomiki [Questions of economics], 4, 126–137.

Filatov, V. I. (2015). Importozameshchenie i formirovanie novoy modeli ekonomicheskogo rosta rossiyskoy ekonomiki. In Russian [Import substitution and formation of new model of economic growth in the Russian economy]. Vestnik Instituta ekonomiki Rossiyskoy akademii nauk [Bulletin of the Institute of Economics of RAS], 2, 76–85.

Kuklin, A. A., Romanova, O. A. & Sukhovey, A. F. (Eds). (2016). Innovatsionno-tekhnologicheskoye razvitie regiona. In Russian [Innovative and technological development of the region]. Ekaterinburg: Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of RAS, 216.

Kuklin, A. A., Bagaryakov, A. V., Nikulina, N. L. & Boyarskikh, A. I. (2013). Metodika diagnostiki innovatsionnoy bezopasnosti regiona. In Russian [Methodology for diagnostics of innovative security of the region]. In: V.P. Chichkanov, A.A. Kuklina (Eds). Ekaterinburg: Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of RAS, 83.

Bystray, G. P., Korshunov, L. A., Lykov, I. A., Nikulina, N. L. & Okhotnikov, S. A. (2010). Metody nelineynoy dinamiki v analize i prognozirovanii ekonomicheskikh sistem regionalnogo urovnya. In Russian [Methods of nonlinear dynamics in analysis and forecasting of economic systems at the regional level]. Zhurnal ekonomicheskoy teorii [Journal of economic theory], 3, 104–114.

Freeman, C. (1987). Technology Policy and Economic Performance. Leningrad: Pinter Publishers, 156.

Glazyev, S. Yu. & Kharitonov, V. V. (Eds). (2009). Nanotekhnologii kak klyuchevoy faktor novogo tekhnologicheskogo uklada v ekonomike. In Russian [Nanotechnology as the key factor of the new techno-economic paradigm in economy]. Moscow: Trovant Publ., 304.

Kablov, E. (2016). Shestoy tekhnologicheskiy uklad. In Russian [Sixth technological way]. Nauka i zhizn [Science and life], 5. Retrieved from: http://www.nkj.ru/archive/articles/17800/ (date of access: 05.05.2016).

Itskovits, G. (2010). Troynaya spiral. Universitety — predpriyatiya — gosudarstvo. Innovatsii v deystvii: per. s angl. In Russian [Triple helix. University-industry-government. Innovation in action: trans. from English]. Tomsk: Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics Publ., 238.

Tatarkin, A. I. & Kuklin, A. A. (2009). Kachestvo zhizni — indikator ustoychivogo razvitiya regionov. In Russian [Life quality as an indicator of the regions’ sustainable development]. Uroven zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii [Level of living of the population of Russian regions], 8–9, 25–34.

The Global Competitiveness Report. 2014–2015 (2014). World Economic Forum. Geneva, Switzerland, 565.

Innovation Union Scoreboard (2013). European Union, Belgium, 80.

Golova, I. M. (2013). Metodologicheskie problemy obosnovaniya regionalnykh prioritetov innovatsionnogo razvitiya. In Russian [Methodological problems of substantiating the regional priorities of innovation development]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of Region], 2, 145–156.

Sukhovey, A. F. (2014). Innovatsionnaya infrastruktura kak drayver sotsialno-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya. Mirovoy i otechestvennyy opyt. In Russian [Innovative infrastructure as a driver of socio-economic development. Global and Russian experience]. Ekonomicheskiy analiz. Teoriya i praktika [Economic analysis. Theory and practice], 45, 11–20.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2017.3.1.007

Copyright (c) 2018 Irina M. Golova, Alla F. Sukhovey, Natalia L. Nikulina

Сertificate of registration media №04-27008 от 28.04.2021
Online ISSN 2412-0731