Cultural indicators of sustainable regional development (the case of serbian national park)

D. Lukić, M. D. Petrović, S. Denda


This study discusses tourism as a means of regional development by focusing on specific cultural indicators. In this paper, we are dealing with the case of the Djerdap National Park – the largest national park in Serbia and one of the most popular of the country’s destinations. This area has an extraordinary diversity of geomorphological forms, it is rich in cultural and historical monuments. At the same time this area is sparsely populated and is demonstrating an insufficient economic growth. For our analysis, we apply comparative indicators to measure sustainable regional tourism development that were proposed by the European Union’s experts. This set of indicators consists of five groups and includes the ratio of accommodation capacities to the number of local inhabitants and the intensity of tourism. Our calculations are based on the statistical data on accommodation capacities and the tourist traffic provided in several municipalities. These data are provided by the Statistical Office of Serbia (2015). We also use the 2011 census data on the number of local inhabitants. We have found that the ratio of accommodation capacities to the number of local inhabitants in Djerdap is in the so-called ‘green’ zone, which shows the sustainability of tourism in this region and an insignificant impact that tourism has on the cultural identity of the local community. The intensity of tourism in Djerdap is in the ‘red’ zone, however, which demonstrates an alarming trend and requires further analysis, especially regarding the carrying capacity of the area. Thus, the conclusion is made that the development of tourism in Djerdap should be balanced with the protection of natural resources.


cultural indicators; criteria of the European Union; sustainable regional development; tourism; Djerdap National Park

Full Text:



Lukić, D. (2015). Geonasleđe srpskog Podunavlja u funkciji održivog razvoja turizma. Doktorska disertacija. Beograd: Geografski fakultet.

Ceron, J. P. & Dubois, G. (2003). Tourism and Sustainable Development Indicators: The Gap between Theoretical Demands and Practical Achievements. Current Issues in Tourism, 6(1), 54–75. doi: 10.1080/13683500308667944.

Jovičić, D. (2000). Turizam i životna sredina – koncepcija održivog razvoja. Beograd: Zadužbina Andrejević.

Pavlović, С. & Beliј, М. (2012). Cultural indicators of tourism sustainability in Serbian spas. Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva, 92(3), 95–108. doi: 10.2298/GSGD1203095P.

Miller, G. (2001). The Development of Indicators for Sustainable Tourism: Results of a Delphi Survey of Tourism Researches. Tourism Management, 22(4), 351–362. doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(00)00067-4.

Ko, T. G. (2005). Development of a Tourism Sustainability Assessment Procedure: A Conceptual Approach. Tourism Management, 26(3), 431–445.

Stojanović, В. (2006). Održivi razvoj turizma i životne sredine. Novi Sad: Departman za geografiju, turizam I hotelijerstvo.

Maksin, M., Pucar, M., Korać, M., Milijić, S. (2009). Menadžment prirodnih i kulturnih resursa u turizmu. Beograd: Univerzitet Singidunum, Fakultet za turistički i hotelijerski menadžment.

Jovičić, D., Ilić, T. (2010). Indicators of sustainable tourism. Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva, 90(1), 277–305. doi: 10.2298/GSGD1001277J.

Dukić, D. (1963). Đerdapska hidroelektrana. Glasnik Srpskog geografskog društva, 44(2), 64–78.

Lukić, D. (2005). Đerdapska klisura. Beograd: Srpsko geografsko društvo.

Lukić, D. & Punoševac, S. (2015). Primena indikatora održivog turizma EU na primeru Đerdapa. In: Zbornik radova sa 4. srpskog kongresa geografa sa međunarodnim učešćem Dostignuća, sktuelnosti i izazovi geografske nauke i prakse povodom 150 godina od rođenja Jovana Cvijića. Beograd: Geografski fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu, Srpsko geografsko društvo. 307–312.

Statistički godišnjak republike Srbije (2011). Beograd: Republički zavod za statistiku.

Statistički godišnjak republike Srbije (2015). Beograd: Republički zavod za statistiku.

Jovičić, D. (1997). Razvoj turizma i zaštita prirode u nacionalnim parkovima. Beograd: Biblioteka „Ekologija“ Book 3.


Copyright (c) 2018 D. Lukić, M. D. Petrović, S. Denda

Сertificate of registration media Эл № ФС77-80764 от 28.04.2021
Online ISSN 2412-0731