Significance of drone technology for achievement of the United Nations sustainable development goals

H. Kitonsa, S. V. Kruglikov

Abstract


The drone technology, which originated in military applications, is now widely used for commercial, professional, industrial and private purposes. Applications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), commonly known as ‘drones’, include different sectors of economy, for example, agriculture, transport, infrastructure, entertainment, and telecommunications. Not only are drones eco-friendly gadgets that allow to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emissions, but they are also time- and cost-efficient. Thus, drones can prove to be a major force for good as they hold massive potential for being used to meet the sustainable development goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations Organization and adopted in 2015. Developing countries, for instance those of Sub-Saharan Africa, are facing famine, epidemic diseases, poverty and other challenges. All these problems can be addressed with the help of the drone technology.
The main objective of this paper is to identify the sectors that are most likely to be influenced by the drone technology and to highlight the scenarios in which this technology can influence the achievement of the SDGs. One of the most promising spheres in this respect is the usage of drones as delivery vehicles in agriculture, e-commerce, and health care. Moreover, drones can be effective for monitoring and surveillance in international and domestic law enforcement, wildlife preservation and scientific research.

Keywords


drone technology; unmanned aerial vehicles; sustainable development goals; United Nations; agricultural drones; drone applications; drone risks

Full Text:

PDF

References


Pinstrup-Andersen, P., Rahmanian, M., Allahoury. A., et at. (2015). Water for Food Security and Nutrition: A Report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security. FAO: Rome, Italy. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/aav045e.pdf

Mabhaudhi, T., Chibarabada, T., & Modi, A. (2016). Water-Food-Nutrition-Health Nexus: Linking Water to Improving Food, Nutrition and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(1), 107. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13010107

Crosby, L., Jayasinghe, D., McNair, D. (2013). Save the Children. Food for Th ought: Tackling Child Malnutrition to Unlock Potential and Boost Prosperity. London, UK: Save the Children. Retrieved from https://resourcecentre.savethechildren.net/node/7414/pdf/food_for_thought_uk.pdf

Food and Agriculture Organization. (1996). Th e Rome Declaration on World Foods Security. Population and Development Review, 22, 14–17.

Beegle, K., Christiaensen, L., Dabalen, A., & Gaddis, I. (2016). Poverty in a Rising Africa. Th e World Bank. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10986/22575

Livingston, G., Schonberger, S., & Sara, D. (2011). Sub-Saharan Africa: Th e State of Smallholders in Agriculture. Rome: Via Paolo Di Dono. Retrieved from https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f2cb/d3f72cb333c1cc6fd3eba6d5bc8bb8c89469.pdf

Lu, Y., Nakicenovic, N., Visbeck, M., & Stevance, A. S. (2015). Five Priorities for the UN SustainableDevelopment Goals. Nature, 520(7548), 432–433. doi: 10.1038/520432a

Sachs, J. D. (2012). From Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals. The Lancet, 379(9832), 2206–2211. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60685-0

Mougeot, L. J. (2006). Growing Better Cities: Urban Agriculture for Sustainable Development. IDRC. Retrieved from https://www.idrc.ca/sites/default/fi les/openebooks/226-0/index.html

Tebbutt, E., Brodmann, R., Borg, J., MacLachlan, M., Khasnabis, C., & Horvath, R. (2016). Assistive Products and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Globalization and Health, 12(1), 79. doi: 10.1186/s12992-016-0220-6

Brundtland, G. H. (1985). World Commission on Environment and Development. Environmental Policy and Law, 14(1), 26–30.

Marin, L. (2016). Th e Humanitarian Drone and the Borders: Unveiling the Rationales Underlying the Deployment of Drones in Border Surveillance. In: The Future of Drone Use (pp. 115–132). TMC Asser Press, Th e Hague. doi: 10.1007/978-94-6265-132-6_6

Stöcker, C., Bennett, R., Nex, F., Gerke, M., & Zevenbergen, J. (2017). Review of the Current State of UAV regulations. Remote Sensing, 9(5), 459. doi: 10.3390/rs9050459

Tripicchio, P., Satler, M., Dabisias, G., Ruff aldi, E., & Avizzano, C. A. (2015). Towards Smart Farming and Sustainable Agriculture with Drones. In 2015 International Conference on Intelligent Environments, 15–17 July 2015, Prague, Czech Republic (pp. 140–143). IEEE. doi: 10.1109/IE.2015.29

Krishna, K. R. (2016). Push Button Agriculture: Robotics, Drones, Satellite-Guided Soil and Crop Management. Apple Academic Press.

Bamburry, D. (2015). Drones: Designed for Product Delivery. Design Management Review, 26(1), 40–48.

King, A. (2017). Technology: Th e Future of Agriculture. Nature, 544(7651), 21–23. doi: 10.1038/544S21a

DeGarmo, M., Nelson, G. (2004). Prospective Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operations in the Future National Airspace System. In AIAA 4th Aviation Technology, Integration and Operations (ATIO) Forum. Chicago: Illinois. doi: 10.2514/6.2004-6243

Haidari, L. A., Brown, S. T., Ferguson, M., Bancroft , E., Spiker, M., Wilcox, A., Ambikapathi, R., Sampath, V., Connor, D. L., & Lee, B. Y. (2016). Th e Economic and Operational Value of Using Drones to Transport Vaccines. Vaccine, 34(34), 4062–4067. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.06.022

Ackerman, E., & Strickland, E. (2018). Medical Delivery Drones Take Flight in East Africa. IEEE Spectrum, 55(1), 34–35. doi: 10.1109/MSPEC.2018.8241731

Glauser, W. (2018). Blood-Delivering Drones Saving Lives in Africa and Maybe Soon in Canada. CMAJ, 190(3), E88–E89. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.109-5541

Van de Voorde, P., Gautama, S., Momont, A., Ionescu, C. M., De Paepe, P., Fraeyman, N. (2017). Th e Drone Ambulance [A-UAS]: Golden Bullet or Just a Blank? Resuscitation, 116, 46–48. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2017.04.037

Câmara, D. (2014). Cavalry to the Rescue: Drones Fleet to Help Rescuers Operations over Disasters Scenarios. In 2014 IEEE Conference on Antenna Measurements & Applications (CAMA), 16–19 Nov. 2014, Antibes Juan-les-Pins, France. IEEE. doi: 10.1109/cama.2014.7003421

Hattenberger, G., Bronz, M., Gorraz, M. (2014). Using the Paparazzi UAV System for Scientific Research. In IMAV 2014: Proceedings of the International Micro Air Vehicle Conference and Competition 2014, 12–15 Aug. 2014 (pp. 247–252). Delft : Delft University of Technology. doi: 10.4233/uuid:b38fb db7-e6bd-440d-93be-f7dd1457be60

Custers, B. (Ed.) (2016). Future of Drone Use: Opportunities and Th reats from Ethical and Legal Perspectives. TMC Asser Press. doi: 10.1007/978-94-6265-132-6

Alexis, P. (2017). R-Tourism: Introducing the Potential Impact of Robotics and Service Automation in Tourism. Ovidius University Annals, Series Economic Sciences, 17(1), 211–216. Retrieved from http://stec.univ-ovidius.ro/html/anale/RO/2017/Section-III/16.pdf

Mirk, D., & Hlavacs, H. (2014). Using Drones for Virtual Tourism. In: INTETAIN 2014: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Intelligent Technologies for Interactive Entertainment, Chicago, IL, USA, July 9–11, 2014. (pp. 144–147). Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978- 3-319-08189-2_21

Goodchild, A., & Toy, J. (2018). Delivery by Drone: An Evaluation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Technology in Reducing CO2 Emissions in the Delivery Service Industry. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 61, 58–67. doi: 10.1016/j.trd.2017.02.017

Dunnington, L., & Nakagawa, M. (2017). Fast and Safe Gas Detection from Underground Coal Fire by Drone Fly Over. Environmental Pollution, 229, 139–145. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.05.063

Lunstrum, E. (2014). Green Militarization: Anti-Poaching Eff orts and the Spatial Contours of Kruger National Park. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 104(4), 816–832. doi: 10.1080/00045608.2014.912545

Maharana, S. (2017). Commercial Drones. In Proceedings of IRF International Conference, Mumbai, India.

Straub, J. (2014). Unmanned Aerial Systems: Consideration of the Use of Force for Law Enforcement Applications. Technology in Society, 39, 100–109. doi: 10.1016/j.techsoc.2013.12.004

Cracknell, A. P. (2017). UAVs: Regulations and Law Enforcement. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 38(8–10), 3054–3067. doi: 10.1080/01431161.2017.1302115




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2018.4.3.016

Copyright (c) 2018 H. Kitonsa, S. V. Kruglikov

Сertificate of registration media №04-27008 от 28.04.2021
Online ISSN 2412-0731