Public-private partnerships and their role in enhancing the cargo handling efficiency of container lines in the Black sea

Irina K. Lebedeva


The article discusses the current situation in the container shipping market and the terminal infrastructure in the Black Sea region. The analysis is based on the container fleet database accumulated by the author. These data are used for making observations and predictions and drawing conclusions about the dynamics of the marine transportation market. The methodological framework comprises theoretical, empirical and mathematical methods. The comparative analysis of container services of different Russian terminals and ports has shown that the market is now undergoing major transformations and suffers from a considerable imbalance due to the rapid growth in deadweight tonnage and the insufficient capacity of the infrastructure, which means that it is unable to keep up with the rising demand.  The excess of deadweight tonnage and the shortage of the necessary equipment leads to chronic bottlenecks in cargo handling, cargo clearance and so on.  To address these problems, it is proposed to explore the opportunities provided by the integration of public-private partnerships into the service structure of maritime transport. By focusing on the case of the Russian port of Novorossyisk, the article demonstrates that public-private partnerships are able to enhance the efficiency of cargo-handling operations of container lines in the Black Sea region.


public-private partnership, logistics, maritime transport, world fleet, container ships, container lines, Black Sea

Full Text:



Lapteva N. V., Martyshkin S. A. (2014). Public-Private Partnership: the history of research. Vestnik of SamGU, 8, 119. Retrieved from: (In Russ.)

Limonov E. L. (2001). Foreign trade operations in maritime transport and multimodal transportation. St Petersburg: Vybor. (In Russ.)

Vinnikov V. V. (2001). Economics of Maritime transport. Odessa: Latstar. (In Russ.)

Baburina O., Khekert E., Nikulina Y. (2017). World Maritime Merchant Fleet: Dynamics, Structure, Prospects. Transportnoe delo Rossii = Transport Business of Russia, 1, 88–93. (In Russ.)

Baburina O. N., Kondratyev S. I. (2017). Sea Ports of the World and Russia: Turnover Dyna- mics and Development Prospect. Transportnoe delo Rossii = Transport Business of Russia, 1, 141–145. (In Russ.)

Cygankov V. K. (2010). Management and organization of maritime fleet. St Petersburg: Admiral Makarov State Academy of Maritime and Inland Shipping Publisher. (In Russ.)

Edirisinghe L., Zhihong J., Wijeratne A. W. (2018). The reality of container exchange between shipping lines: Clearing the pathway to virtual container yard. Transport Policy, 78, 55–66. DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2018.09.009

Rekik I., Elkosantini S. (2019). A multi agent system for the online container stacking in seaport terminals. Journal of Computational Science, 35, 12–24. DOI: 10.1016/j.jocs.2019.06.003

Korovyakovsky E., Panova Y. (2011). Dynamics of Russian dry ports. Research in Transportation Economics, 33(1), 25–34. DOI: 10.1016/j.retrec.2011.08.008

UNCTAD: Review of Maritime transport (2017). New York; Geneva, 2017. Retrieved from:

Review of Maritime Transport (2016). United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Geneva, November. Retrieved from: rmt2016_en.pdf

Timchenko T. N., Lebedeva I. K. (2017). Specification of Tonnage Research in grain cargo deliveries from Azov-Black Marine Sea Ports/Scientifics View. Scientific View, 19, 90–94. (In Russ.)

Stopford M. (2009). Maritime Economics. London: Routledge. 3rd ed. DOI: 10.4324/9780203891742

Wilson F. J. (2010). Carriage of Goods by Sea. London: Longman. 7th ed.

Over P. C. (2017). Dry cargo chartering. London: Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers.

Prokofyev V. A., Veprinskay T. A. (2010). The management of marine fleet maintenance and operation. St Petersburg: Admiral Makarov State Academy of Maritime and Inland Shipping Publisher. (In Russ.)

Geerlings H., Kuipers B., Zuidwijk R. (2018). Ports and Networks. London: Routledge. London: Routledge.

Ivanova S. E., Ivanov M. U. (2004). Maritime fleet management and commercial service. Novorossiysk: NSMA Publisher. (In Russ.)


Copyright (c) 2019 Irina K. Lebedeva