Factors affecting life expectancy in Kazakhstan

Aksanat Zh. Panzabekova, Ivan E. Digel


Relevance. Life expectancy is a comprehensive indicator reflecting the quality of life in a country or region, which is why it is important to estimate the impact of various socio-economic factors on this indicator as accurately as possible. Our study makes a novel contribution to the existing research by conducting a correlation and regression analysis of factors affecting life expectancy in regions of Kazakhstan based on panel data.

Research objective. This paper aims to present a modified methodology for estimation of factors affecting life expectancy in regions of Kazakhstan.

Data and methods. Our research relies on panel data on regions and cities of Kazakhstan. The data are provided by the Ministry of National Economy and the Ministry of Health Care of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Methodologically, the research is based on regression and correlation analysis. The two main criteria were applied for data selection: availability of statistical data for a sufficiently long period and the potential impact of factors on life expectancy. We built a two-factor power regression model calculated with the help of software package Microsoft Excel.

Results. In our research, regression models were used to formulate conclusions concerning the impact of certain socio-economic factors on life expectancy in regions of Kazakhstan. We also brought to light the factors whose relationship to life expectancy requires further investigation.

Conclusions. It was found that the most significant factors affecting life expectancy in regions of Kazakhstan are economic ones. The proposed methodology can be used for short- and medium-term predictions of life expectancy.


life expectancy, quality of life, nominal monetary income, subsistence minimum, poverty, unemployment level, morbidity rate

Full Text:



Glushakov, A.I. (2004) Indicator 'Life Expectancy': Definition, Methods of Calculation and Analysis. Obschestvennoe zdorovye i zravookhranenie, (1), 12-16.

Shabunova, A. A., Rybakova, N.A., Tikhomirova, G.V. (2009) Determinants of Public Health in Regions (the Case of Vologda Region). Sotsiologicheskie issledovania,(8), 85-91.

Timashev, S.A., Voronina, L.N., Makarova, M.N. (2013). Methodological Approach to Evaluation of the Impact of State Expenditures on Extending Life Expectancy (the Case of Ekaterinburg). Zhurnal ekonomicheskoy teorii, (3), 284-288.

Novoselova, E.N. (2016). Key Factors of Life Expectancy in Megapolises (the Case of Moscow). Journal of the Moscow State University. Series 18. Social and Political Studies, (2), 176-200. DOI: 10.24290/1029-3736-2016-22-2-176-200

Kabanov, V.N. (2015) Evaluation of the Efficiency of State Investment in Longevity. Ekonomicheskie i sotsialnye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz, 5 (41), 75-88. DOI: 10.15838/esc/2015.5.41.5

Andrianov, K.V. (2019). Statistical Analysis of the Relationship between Indicators of Health Care Development and Life Expectancy. Proceedings of the National Conference 'Results of Reforms, Prospects of Development of Auditing and its Role in Economic Security'. Tyumen: Publishing House of Tyumen State University, 2019, 79-86.

Kulak, A.G. (2016). Statistical Analysis of the Factors Influencing the Dynamics of Life Expectancy in the Republic of Belarus. Sistemnoye upravlenie, 1. Retrieved from: http://sisupr.mrsu.ru/2016-2/PDF/Kulak.pdf

Zvezdina, N.V., Ivanov, L.V. (2015). Life Expectancy in Russia and its Determinants. Voprosy statistiki, (7), 10-20.

Omarova, A. I., Saubetova, B.S., Taskaraeva, M.B. (2019). Quality of Life in Kazakhstan. Sotsialnye i ekonomicheskie sistemy, 1 (7), 155-173.

Sraubaev, E.N., Serik, B. (2013). Development of Technologies of Health Care Management Based on the Integral Evaluation of Combined Impact of Environmental Factors. Gigiena i sanitaria, (5), 73-75.

Taskinbajkyzy, Z., Utebalieva, D., Tasbolatova, A. (2019) Health as an Indicator of Life Quality in Kazakhstan. Sotsialnye i ekonomicheskie sistemy, (8), 31-46.

Palevskaya, S.A., Kasymzhanova, A.T. (2019). Program-Based Approach as an Organizational Technology of Health Protection (the Case of Program 'Densaulyk' (Health), Kazakhstan). Uralsky meditsinsky zhurnal, (182), 131-136.

Esenbekova, A.B. (2017). Analysis of the Main Socio-Economic Indicators of the Quality of Life in Relation to the Global Climate Change in the Republic of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyz Republic. Central Asian Economic Review, 2 (117), 90-100.

Sagitova, G. K. (2018). Analysis of Factors Affecting the Quality of Life in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Systemny analiz v ekonomike, 1. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Gulsim_Sagitova2/publication/330929071_Analiz_faktorov_vliausih_na_uroven_zizni_naselenia_Respubliki_Kazahstan/links/5f73169f458515b7cf56711c/Analiz-faktorov-vliausih-na-uroven-zizni-naselenia-Respubliki-Kazahstan.pdf. DOI: 10.33278 / SAE-2018.rus.323-326

Shelomentseva, V.P., Sartay, A.K., Utegenova, A.N. (2019). Health Care Improvement in Kazakhstan as the Necessary Condition of Social Security. Proceedings of the Conference 'Social Security in Eurasia', (1), 103-105.

Baykova, E.I. (2018) Enhancing Quality of Life in Kazakhstan in the Context of Economic Security. Proceedings of the Conference 'Key Elements of Development of Human Potential, Economy and Economic Security Provision', 1, 56-60.

Rakhmetova, R.U., Andekina, R.E. (2018) Regional Characteristics of Demographic Forecasting in Kazakhstan. Sotsiosfera, (3), 113-118.

Nurlanova, N.K., Dnishev, F.M., Brimbetova, N.Z. (2019). Scenarios and Causes of Economic Modernization of Kazakhstani Regions. Ekonomika i finansy(Uzbekistan), (1), 32-40.

Molchanova, E. V., Kruchek, M.M. (2013) Mathematical Methods of Evaluation of Factors Affecting Public Health in Russian Regions (Panel Analysis). Sotsialnye aspekty zdorovia naselenia, (5). Retrieved from: http://vestnik.mednet.ru/content/view/513/30/

Moiseev, N.A., Romannikov, A.N. (2017) Analysis of the Efficacy of Methods of Regression Equation Specification. Ekonomichesky zhurnal,(45), 87-110.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2020.6.4.023

Copyright (c) 2020 Aksanat Zh. Panzabekova, Ivan E. Digel

Сertificate of registration media Эл № ФС77-80764 от 28.04.2021
Online ISSN 2412-0731