Regional differences in mainland China after the 1970s economic reform

Lu Jia Jin, Larisa P. Piskunova

Abstract


Relevance. In recent years, China’s GDP has continued to grow, however, the regional gap in socio-economic development is still huge. It is, therefore, crucial to investigate the reasons behind regional disparities and the possible solutions to this problem.  

Research objective. This paper aims to examine the patterns of regional differences in mainland China after the economic reform of the 1970s.

Data and methods. The study relies on the methods of comparative analysis and the data from the National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China and the Statistical Yearbook Sharing Platform as well as the information from the national media portal - Xinhua News Agency.  

Results. The Chinese government’s application of differentiated measures, strategies and policies to different regions exacerbated the existing disparities. This paper elaborates on the future regional economic adjustments and plans and thus can be of interest to investors and business activists in China and other countries.


Keywords


Chinese economic development, regional differences, Chinese economic regions, urbanization, city clusters, city tier system

Full Text:

PDF

References


Candelaria, C., Daly, M. & Hale, G. (2015). Persistence of regional wage differences in China. Pacific Economic Review. 20, pp. 365-387. doi:10.1111/1468-0106.12113.

Cheng, Y., Liu, W. & Lu, J. (2017). Financing innovation in the Yangtze River Economic Belt: rationale and impact on firm growth and foreign trade. Canadian Public Policy-Analyse De Politiques. 43, pp. S122-S135. doi: 10.3138/cpp.2016-077.

Deng, Z., Qin, M. & Song, S. (2020). E-study on Chinese city size and policy formation. China Economic Review. 60, 101390. doi: 10.1016/j.chieco.2019.101390.

Hu, W. & Wang, R. (2019). Which Chinese cities are more inclusive and why? Cities. 86, pp. 51-61. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2018.12.010.

Kasimu, A., Ghulam, A. & Tateishi, R. (2009). Quantifying urban land cover dynamics and its environmental impacts in china using GLCNMO urban and satellite imagery. In Gidudu, A., Abe, B. T. & Marwala, T. Investigating the effect of ensemble size on classification accuracy. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the International Conference on Earth Observation for Global Changes (EOGC2009), Chengdu, Sichuan (pp. 2200-2206). Chengdu: Chengdu University of Technology.

Jiang, X., Li, G. L. & Fu, W. (2021). Government environmental governance, structural adjustment and air quality: A quasi-natural experiment based on the three-year action plan to win the blue sky defense war. Journal of Environmental Management. 277, 111470. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111470.

Li, Y.S., Li, A.H., Wang, Z.F. & Wu, Q. (2019). Analysis on housing affordability of urban residents in Mainland China based on multiple indexes: taking 35 cities as examples. Annals of Data Science. 6(2), pp. 305-319. doi: 10.1007/s40745-018-0168-x.

Li, Y. & Taube, M. (2019). Introduction: The belt & road initiative-manifestations, driving forces, and international responses. How China's Silk Road Initiative is Changing the Global Economic Landscape. pp. 1-18. doi: 10.4324/9780429455193-1.

Li, Z. Q., Ying, D. L., Li, H. K., Yang, G., Zeng, Q., Guo, X. Y. & Chen, X. (2011). Evolution of the western Sichuan basin and its superimposed characteristics, China. Acta Petrologica Sinica. 27(8), pp. 2362-2370. doi: 1000-0569/2011/027( 08 ) -2362-70. (In Chin.)

Lin, W. Q., Wu, M. H., Zhang, Y., Zeng, R. J., Zheng, X. J., Shao, L., Zhao, L. Y., Li, S. X. & Tang, Y. (2018). Regional differences of urbanization in China and its driving factors. Science China Earth Sciences, 61, pp. 778–791. doi:10.1007/s11430-016-9163-3.

Lin, Y. F. & Liu, P. L. (2008). Economic development strategies and regional income gap in China. In Wan, G. H. (Eds.), Inequality and Growth in Modern China (pp. 56-78). China, Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535194.003.0004.

Liang, C. & Guo, Z. J. (2017). Environmental efficiency analysis of China’s regional industry: a data envelopment analysis (DEA) based approach. Journal of Cleaner Production. 142, pp. 846-853. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.01.045.

Maimaitiming, A., Cao, H. (2010, 24 August - 26 August). Urban transition in Western China. In Piscataway, N.J. 2010 International Conference on Management and Service Science: MASS 2010. Paper presented at the 2010 International Conference on Management and Service Science (Wuhan, China), (pp.1-4). doi: 10.1109/ICMSS.2010.5576491.

Ma, Y. R., Ji, Q. & Fan, Y. (2016). Spatial linkage analysis of the impact of regional economic activities on PM2.5 pollution in China. Journal of Cleaner Production. 139, pp. 1157-1167. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.08.152.

Ma, Z., Li, C. & Zhang, J. (2020). Understanding urban shrinkage from a regional perspective: case study of Northeast China. Journal of Urban Planning and Development. 146(4), 05020025. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000621.

Pan, F. & Yang, B. (2019). Financial development and the geographies of startup cities: Evidence from China. Small Business Economics. 52(3), pp. 743-758. doi: 10.1007/s11187-017-9983-2.

Qi, Y.Y. (2015). A study on differences of china’s regional economic development level based on cluster analysis. MATEC Web of Conferences, 22, 05022. doi:10.1051/matecconf/20152205022.

Wang, Y. & Tong, Z. H. (2016). China’s household registration system and its reform status. Journal of China Agricultural University Social Sciences, 1, pp. 100-108. doi:10.13240/j.cnki.caujsse.20160226.001. (In Chin.)

Wang, L., Xue, Y. B., Chang, Meng. & Xie, Chen (2020). Macroeconomic determinants of high-tech migration in China: The case of Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration. Cities, 107, 102888. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2020.102888.

Wu, F. (2016). China’s emergent city-region governance: a new form of state spatial selectivity through state-orchestrated rescaling. International Journal of Urban And Regional Research. 40 (6), pp. 1134-1151. doi: 10.1111/1468-2427.12437.

Xiao, Z. L., Du, X. Y. & Wu, C. Q. (2017). Regional difference and evolution and convergence of innovation capability in China: research on space and factorial levels. Sustainability, 9, pp. 16-44. doi:10.3390/su9091644.

Xu, X., Yang, G. S., Tan, Y., Liu, J. P. & Hu, H. Z. (2018). Ecosystem services trade-offs and determinants in China’s Yangtze River Economic Belt from 2000 to 2015. Science of The Total Environment. 634, pp. 1601-1614. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.04.046.

Xu, S. C., Miao, Y. M., Gao, C., Long, R.Y., Chen, H., Zhao, B. & Wang, S. X. (2019). Regional differences in impacts of economic growth and urbanization on air pollutants in China based on provincial panel estimation. Journal of Cleaner Production. 208, pp. 340-352. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.114.

Zang, B., Lv, P. & Warren, C.M.J. (2015). Housing prices, rural–urban migrants’ settlement decisions and their regional differences in China. Habitat International. 50, pp. 149-159. doi:10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.08.003.

Zhang, W.W. & Liang, Q. (2015). Geographic concentration of labor, industrial space and regional disparities, Economics, In Qi, Y. A Study on Differences of China’s Regional Economic Development Level Based on Cluster Analysis. Paper presented at the MATEC Web of Conferences. Beijing (pp. 691–708). Beijing: University of Science and Technology Beijing. doi:10.1051/matecconf/20152205022. (In Chin.)

Zhang, H. L. & Cheng, X. (2007). The impact of intergovernmental transfer payments on local fiscal efforts and fiscal equality. Economic Science,1, pp. 15-23. doi:10.19523/j.jjkx.2007.01.002. (In Chin.)




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2021.7.1.003

Copyright (c) 2021 Lu Jia Jin, Larisa P. Piskunova

Сertificate of registration media №04-27008 от 28.04.2021
Online ISSN 2412-0731