Territorial capital of Russian regions and its spatial organization

Arina V. Suvorova


Relevance. The new challenges that exacerbate long-standing issues stimulate the Russian economic system to evolve faster and to seek greater efficiency. One of the impediments to this process, however, is the inertness of the spatial organization of the national economy. There is a need for more detailed research on the characteristics of the national economic space for evidence-based policy-making in the sphere of spatial development.

Research objective The study aims to describe the organization of Russia's economic space by focusing on the patterns of localization of its territorial capital.

Data and methods. The study uses official statistical data on Russian regions provided by the Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat) and a set of indicators of regional inequality. Methodologically, the study relies on the methods of spatial autocorrelation analysis and cartographic analysis.

Results. It has been shown that there are significant regional disparities combined with the high level of polarization of the Russian space. There is a scarcity of asset concentration areas, which are mostly located in the country's western part, leaving the eastern part lagging behind and limiting its potential. The territories that are struggling the most are those devoid of resources and located remotely from the areas of asset concentration. The patterns of geographic distribution of gross regional product are to a great extent similar to the patterns of distribution of production capital, which may point to the existence of factors leading to regional divergence. The distribution of creative capital in Russia is far from optimal, which prevents it from becoming a major driver behind the country's economic growth.

Conclusions. Policy-makers need to take into account the patterns of asset distribution in devising measures for enhancing territorial capital and setting priorities for the country's economic spatial development.


spatial development, distribution, territorial capital , natural capital, production capital, creative capital, spatial analysis, regional disparities, polarization

Full Text:



Aivazian, S.A. (2012). Quality of life and living standarts analysis: econometric approach. Moscow: Nauka, 430. (In Russ.)

Alberti, F. (2017). The relaunch of branch lines as a territory project for the inner areas. In G. Dell’Acqua, & F. Wegman (Eds.), Transport Infrastructure and Systems (pp. 979–985). London: CRC Press.

Anokhin, A.A., & Kuzin, V.Y. (2019). Approaches to identifying the periphery and peripheralization in the space of modern Russia. Regional Research of Russia, 9(4), 311–317. https://doi.org/10.1134/S2079970519040026

Baculakova, K. (2018). Cluster analysis of creative industries in the regions and districts of Slovakia. Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, 13(3), 74–89.

Becuţ, A.G. (2016). Dynamics of creative industries in a post-communist society. The development of creative sector in Romanian cities. City, Culture and Society, 7(2), 63-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ccs.2016.03.002

Belyaeva, T.A., Bessonova, E.N., & Kozieva, I.A. (2021). Development and implementation of the spatial development strategy: Effectiveness challenges. Studies in Systems, Decision and Control, 283, 133–141. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-58823-6_15

Benassi, F., D’Ella, M., & Petrei F. (2021). The “meso” dimension of territorial capital: Evidence from Italy. Regional Science Policy and Practice, 13(1), 159–175. https://doi.org/10.1111/rsp3.12365

Bustonov, M.M. (2019). Macroeconomic trends and patterns of sustainable economic growth and its quality. Test Engineering and Management, 81(11-12), 1581–1595.

Camagni, R. (2008). Regional competitiveness: Towards a concept of territorial capital. In R. Capello, R. Camagni, B. Chizzolini & U. Fratesi (Eds.), Modelling Regional Scenarios for the Enlarged Europe. European Competiveness and Global Strategies (pp. 33–48). Berlin: Springer.

Camagni, R. (2009). Territorial capital and regional development. In R. Capello & P. Nijkamp (Eds.), Handbook of Regional Growth and Development Theories (pp. 118–132). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Castelnovo, P., Morretta, V., & Vecchi, M. (2020). Regional disparities and industrial structure: territorial capital and productivity in Italian firms. Regional Studies, 54(12), 1709–1723. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2020.1763941

Cojanu, V., & Robu, R. (2019). The geography of territorial capital in the European union: A map and several policy issues. Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences, 15(56), 23–40. https://doi.org/10.24193/tras.56E.2

Dabrowska, A., & Szlachta, J. (2017). The role of territorial capital in building the competitive advantages of Podkarpackie Voivodeship. Miscellanea Geographica – Regional Studies on Development, 21(2), 79–83. https://doi.org/10.1515/mgrsd-2017-0022

Danielewicz, J., & Turala, M. (2016). Territorial capital as a determinant of development processes in functional areas. Acta Universitatis Lodziensis Folia oeconomica, 2(319), 55–68. https://doi.org/10.18778/0208-6018.319.04

Dodescu, A., Botezat, E.-A., Costangioara, A., & Bolos, M.-I. (2018). An exploratory analysis of the territorial capital and economic growth: Evidence from Romania. Economic Computation and Economic Cybernetics Studies and Research, 52, 95–112. https://doi.org/10.24818/18423264/

Dunaev, B.B., & Kirilenko, L.V. (2018). Market Appraisal and Accounting of the Cost of Production Capital. Cybernetics and Systems Analysis, 54(5), 806–814. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10559-018-0082-4

Egyed, I., & Racz, S. (2020). The role of territorial capital in urban renewal in a non-core Central European city. DETUROPE, 12(3), 108–132.

Fedorov, G. (2019). Territorial polarisation of the economy and population distribution in post-Soviet Russia. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, 46, 41–52. https://doi.org/10.2478/bog-2019-0033

Fekete, D., & Morvay, S. (2019). Creative cities in Central and Eastern Europe-Examining the position of Gyor from the creative and cultural aspects of this macro-region. Regional Statistics, 9(2), 45–66. https://doi.org/10.15196/RS090209

Fratesi, U., & Perucca, G. (2016). Territorial capital and EU Cohesion Policy. In J. Bachtler, P. Berkowitz, S. Hardy & T. Muravska (Eds.), EU Cohesion Policy: Reassessing performance and direction (pp. 255–270). London: Routledge.

Getzner, M., & Moroz, S. (2022). The economic development of regions in Ukraine: with tests on the territorial capital approach. Empirica, 49(1), 225-251. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10663-021-09521-w

Giffinger, R., & Hamedinger, A. (2013). Borders in metropolitan development: The case of Vienna. Journal of Borderlands Studies, 28(2), 205–219. https://doi.org/10.1080/08865655.2013.854655

Gini, C. (1921). Measurement of inequality of incomes. The Economic Journal, 31(2), 124–126. https://doi.org/10.2307/2223319

Hall, M., & Tideman, N. (1967). Measures of concentration. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 62, 162–168. https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1967.10482897

Hou, P., Fu, Z., Zhu, H., Zhai, J., Chen, Y., Gao, H., Jin, D., & Yang, M. (2020). Progress and perspectives of ecosystem assets management. Shengtai Xuebao, 40(24), 8851–8860. https://doi.org/10.5846/stxb202001090071

Kaverina, N.A., Gretchenko, A.I., & Gretchenko, A.A. (2019). Current development of creative industries in Russia (metropolitan and regional experience). Vestnik of Saratov State Socio-Economic University, 1(75), 58–64. (In Russ.)

Kemple, K.M., & David, G.M. (2020). Nurturing young children’s creative potential through simple classroom practices. Childhood Education, 96(2), 56–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/00094056.2020.1733906

Kolomak, E. (2020). Spatial development of the post-Soviet Russia: Tendencies and factors. Regional Science Policy and Practice, 12(4), 579–594. https://doi.org/10.1111/rsp3.12299

Kontrova, L., Biba, V., & Sustekova, D. (2021). Relationship between mathematical education and the development of creative competencies of students. European Journal of Contemporary Education, 10(1), 89–102. https://doi.org/10.13187/ejced.2021.1.89

Kozina, J., & Bole, D. (2018). The impact of territorial policies on the distribution of the creative economy: Tracking spatial patterns of innovation in Slovenia. Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 67(3), 259–273. https://doi.org/10.15201/hungeobull.67.3.4

Kurbatova, M.V., Kagan, E.S., Levin, S.N., & Kislitsyn, D.V. (2022). Development of Russian resource-type regions: Geography vs. institutions? Journal of Siberian Federal University – Humanities and Social Sciences, 14(12), 1808–1819. https://doi.org/10.17516/1997-1370-0860

Lavrikova, Ju.G., & Suvorova, A.V. (2019). Spatial aspects of regional infrastructure distribution (the case of Sverdlovsk region). R-Economy, 5(4), 155–167. https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2019.5.4.016

Mikheeva, N.N. (2018). Spatial development strategy: a new stage or a repetition of old mistakes? ECO, 5, 158–178. https://doi.org/10.30680/ЕСО0131-7652-2018-5-158-178 (In Russ.)

Montalto, V., Panella, F., & Sacco, P.L. (2021). What does Brexit mean for UK cultural and creative cities? European Urban and Regional Studies, 28(1), 47–57. https://doi.org/10.1177/0969776420970630

Moran, P. (1948). The interpretation of statistical maps. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 10(2), 243-251. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2517-6161.1948.tb00012.x

Morretta, V. (2021). Territorial capital in local economic endogenous development. Regional Science Policy and Practice, 13(1), 103–119. https://doi.org/10.1111/rsp3.12317

Patlasov, O., & Zharov, Y. (2018). Creative industries development in Russia: Tendencies and perspectives. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 9(4), 1428–1438. https://doi.org/10.14505/jarle.v9.4(34).30

Petrenko, E.S., & Koroleva, A.A. (2017). Marketing analysis of the potential of creative industries in the urban environment. Kreativnaya ekonomika, 11(4). 445–456. https://doi.org/10.18334/ce.1 1.4.37759 (In Russ.)

Polyakova, T., Belyaeva, E., Belyaeva, O., & Mashkina, N. (2019). Territorial capital and the image of the city. In K.S. Soliman. Proceedings of the 33rd International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2019: Education Excellence and Innovation Management through Vision 2020. Paper presented at 33rd International Business Information Management Association Conference: Education Excellence and Innovation Management through Vision 2020, IBIMA 2019, Granada (pp. 1594–1598). Granada: International Business Information Management Association.

Puryear, J.S., Kettler, T., & Rinn, A.N. (2019). Relating personality and creativity: considering what and how we measure. Journal of Creative Behavior, 53(2), 232–245. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.174

Romao, J., & Nijkamp, P. (2018). Spatial impacts assessment of tourism and territorial capital: A modelling study on regional development in Europe. International Journal of Tourism Research, 20(6), 819–829. https://doi.org/10.1002/jtr.2234

Roth, T., Conradty, C., & Bogner, F.X. (2021). Testing creativity and personality to explore creative potentials in the science classroom. Research in Science Education. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11165-021-10005-x

Sarmiento-Mirwaldt, K. (2015). Can multiple streams predict the territorial cohesion debate in the EU? European Urban and Regional Studies, 22(4), 431–445. https://doi.org/10.1177/0969776413481984

Shevyakov, A.Y., & Kiruta, A.Y. (2009). Inequality, economic growth and demography: unexplored relationships. Moscow: M-Studio. (In Russ.)

Skarstein, R. (2011). Overaccumulation of productive capital or of finance capital? A view from the outskirts of a Marxist debate. Investigación Económica, 70(276), 51–87. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/42777660

Sleuwaegen, L., & Boiardi, P. (2014). Creativity and regional innovation: Evidence from EU regions. Research Policy, 43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.03.014

Solomennikova, E.A. & Cheremisina, T.P. (2022). European and Asian Russia: Specialization or Diversification? Journal of Siberian Federal University – Humanities and Social Sciences, 14(12), 1898–1909. https://doi.org/10.17516/1997-1370-0868

Stojcic, N., Hashi, I., & Aralica, Z. (2018). Creativity, innovations and firm performance in an emerging transition economy. Ekonomski Pregled, 69(3), 203–228. https://doi.org/10.32910/ep.69.3.1

Suvorova, A.V. (2021). Regional features of the spatial distribution of educational capitals in Russia. International Transaction Journal of Engineering, Management, & Applied Sciences & Technologies, 12(6), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.14456/ITJEMAST.2021.118

Sykes, O., & Ludwig, C. (2015). Defining and managing the historic urban landscape: Reflections on the English experience and some stories from Liverpool. European Spatial Research and Policy, 22(2), 9–35. https://doi.org/10.1515/esrp-2015-0023

Tarabarinova, T.A., & Golovina, E.I. (2021). Capitalization of mineral resources as an innovation ecological strategy. Geology and Mineral Resources of Siberia, 4, 86–96. https://doi.org/10.20403/2078-0575-2021-4-86-96

Tatarkin, A.I. (2012). Development of the economic space of Russian regions based on cluster principles. Ekonomicheskie i socialnye peremeny: fakty, tendencii, prognoz, 3(21), 28–36. (In Russ.)

Theil, H. (1967). Economics and Information Theory. Studies in Mathematical and Managerial Economics, 7.

Treivish, A.I. (2020). Unevenness and structural diversity of the economy’s spatial development as a scientific problem and Russian reality. Regional Research of Russia, 10(2), 143–155. https://doi.org/10.1134/S207997052002015X

Ventura, F., Milone, P., Berti, G., & Brunori, G. (2008). The rural web: a synthesis. Unfolding Webs: The Dynamics of Regional Rural Development. Assen: Van Gorcum.

Xu, D., Deng, X., Guo, S., & Liu, S. (2019). Sensitivity of livelihood strategy to livelihood capital: An empirical investigation using nationally representative survey data from rural China. Social Indicators Research, 144(1), 113–131. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-018-2037-6

Zubarevich, N.V. (2019). Spatial development Strategy: Priorities and instruments. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 1, 135–145. https://doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2019-1-135-145 (In Russ.)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2022.8.2.009

Copyright (c) 2022 Arina V. Suvorova

Сertificate of registration media Эл № ФС77-80764 от 28.04.2021
Online ISSN 2412-0731