Начало распространения староверия среди яицкого казачества

Tatiana Sergeevna Romaniuk

Аннотация


В статье рассматривается начало процесса распространения староверия на территории Яицкого казачьего войска. Отдельное внимание уделено зарождению Яицкого войска, так как историография данного вопроса непосредственно повлияла на складывание гипотезы о «занесении» старообрядчества на Яик с Дона. На основе широкого круга источников была подтверждена первоначальная дата (предложенная А. Б. Карповым) и путь проникновения первых проповедников староверия на Яик, что ставит под сомнение тезис о непосредственном влиянии Донского войска на данный процесс на Яике, а также позволяет отнести территорию проживания казаков на Южном Урале к одному из ранних старообрядческих центров. На основе сравнения обоих войск рассмотрены причины неучастия яицких казаков в волнениях на Дону в 1688–1689 гг. Расположение Яицкого казачьего войска на окраинах государства, характер отношений со светскими и церковными властями во многом повлияли на формирование специфических черт староверия в данном регионе. В отличие от Донского войска, здесь беглые священники были приняты в местные храмы. Тем самым было положено начало практике служения в православных церквях по старым книгам и обрядам, просуществовавшей более чем полтора века.

Ключевые слова


Яицкое казачье войско; Донское казачье войско; старообрядчество; беглопоповцы; казаки; Казанская епархия; Русская православная церковь.

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Литература


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