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Synthesis of highly-porous nitrogen-doped carbon materials by pyrolysis of melamine-formaldehyde resin using a hard template

Yuliya Sinelnikova, Alexander Nizovskii , Nikolai Uvarov


The use of nitrogen-doped carbon materials as electrodes in supercapacitors is a promising area of research. In this study highly-porous nitrogen-containing carbon materials were obtained by pyrolysis of melamine formaldehyde resin in the presence of nanocrystalline MgO as a hard template that was washed off after the pyrolysis. Magnesium citrate was used as a precursor for the synthesis of the template agent in situ during the pyrolysis of the resin. The obtained materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, BET nitrogen adsorption method and Raman spectroscopy. The presence of nitrogen in the amount of 4 atomic percent was proved by XPS spectroscopy. The specific surface area was found to increase monotonically from 10 to 1300 m2/g with an increase in the content of magnesium citrate in the initial mixture. The samples showed high capacitance of 120 F/g in 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte and can be used in supercapacitors. 


nitrogen-doped carbon materials; template synthesis; hard template; highly-porous carbon electrode materials; supercapacitors

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Copyright (c) 2023 Yuliya Sinelnikova, Alexander Nizovskii , Nikolai Uvarov

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Chimica Techno Acta, 2014-2024
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